National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

National Pretrial Reporting Program, 1990-1991 (ICPSR 6136)

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This data collection effort was undertaken to determine whether accurate and comprehensive pretrial data can be collected at the local level and subsequently aggregated at the state and federal levels. The data contained in this collection provide a picture of felony defendants' movements through the criminal courts. Offenses were recoded into 14 broad categories that conform to the Bureau of Justice Statistics' crime definitions. Other variables include sex, race, age, prior record, relationship to criminal justice system at the time of the offense, pretrial release, detention decisions, court appearances, pretrial rearrest, adjudication, and sentencing. The unit of analysis is the defendant.

Series: National Pretrial Reporting Program Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access. (How to apply.)

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

Dataset
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Pretrial Services Resource Center. National Pretrial Reporting Program, 1990-1991. ICPSR06136-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-04-20. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06136.v1

Persistent URL:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (90-BJ-KX-C003)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   case processing, courts, criminal histories, criminal justice system, defendants, disposition (legal), felons, felony courts, offenses, pretrial detentions, pretrial hearings, pretrial procedures, pretrial release, sentencing

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1990--1991

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990-05--1991-04

Universe:   Felony court filings during May 1990 in the 75 most populous counties in the United States.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   In a two-stage sampling process, the first stage was a stratified sample to select 40 of the 75 most populous counties, and the second stage was a systematic sample of defendants based on felony filings within each selected county.

Data Source:

National Pretrial Reporting Program data collection instrument

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-04-20 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.

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