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Afrobarometer: Round II 16-Country Merged Dataset, 2002-2004 (ICPSR 4558)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Afrobarometer project assesses attitudes and public opinion toward democracy, markets, and civil society in several sub-Saharan African nations. This dataset was compiled from the studies in Round II of the Afrobarometer conducted from 2002-2004 in 16 countries including Botswana, Cape Verde, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Ghana, and South Africa. Certain questions addressed country-specific issues, but many of the same questions were asked across surveys. Citizens of the 16 countries were asked their opinions about recent political and economic changes within their country. Respondents were asked about their current satisfaction with economic conditions in their country, how they currently obtained food to eat, what resources they relied on for safety, and how they obtained health care. They were also asked how often in the last 12 months they or their family had gone without food, felt unsafe in terms of crime, had gone without medicine, or had gone without shelter. Their opinions were elicited about who they felt was responsible for providing schools, creating jobs, building houses, and reducing crime. They were asked what came to mind with the word "democracy," as well as their support for democracy, whether they were satisfied with democracy, and whether they had to be careful about what they said. Respondents were also asked how often they got news from such sources as radio, television, or newspapers, and how closely they followed what was going on in government and public affairs. Other questions sought respondents' judgments on overall government performance and social service delivery. Respondents also were asked to evaluate of the trustworthiness of various institutions, who they trusted and to what extent they relied on informal networks and associations. Other questions sought each respondent's view of himself in relation to ethnic and class identities. Demographic information was elicited from respondents including age, language spoken, education, and employment status.

Series: Afrobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


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Study Description


Africa, Cherrel, Etannibi Alemika, Michael Bratton, Amon Chaligha, Massa Coulibaly, Mamadou Dansokho, Derek Davids, Annie Dzenga, Thuso Green, E. Gyimah-Boadi, Christiaan Keulder, Stanley Khaila, Mogoodi Lekorwe, Carolyn Logan, Robert Mattes, Mpho Molomo, Chileshe Mulenga, Suzie Muwanga, Joao Pereira, Deolinda Reis, Fransico Rodrigues, Joseph Semboja, Robert Sentamu, Masipula Sithole, and Maxton Tsoka. Afrobarometer: Round II 16-Country Merged Dataset, 2002-2004. ICPSR04558-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-02-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04558.v3

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This study was funded by:

  • Royal Netherlands Embassy in South Africa (NA003917)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   crime, democracy, economic conditions, food security, government, government performance, health care access, markets, national interests, personal security, political attitudes, political awareness, political change, public confidence, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, trust in government

Geographic Coverage:   Botswana, Cape Verde, Ghana, Global, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Time Period:  

  • 2002-06--2004-05

Date of Collection:  

  • 2002-06-03--2004-05-17

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Citizens of Botswana, Cape Verde, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Ghana, and South Africa, aged 18 years and older.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Additional information on Afrobarometer research projects is provided at the Afrobarometer Web site.


Sample:   Multistage, clustered, random probability sample.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview

Response Rates:   The response rate was 62.4 percent.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2012-02-08 The codebook is being resupplied due to a misprinting of the list of principal investigators. In addition, question text is being provided in the "Variable Description and Frequencies" section of the ICPSR codebook.
  • 2012-02-03 The study title in the SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, Stata system file, and codebook has been updated. Also, the SPSS portable file has been replaced with an SPSS system file, the SAS transport (XPORT) file has been replaced with a SAS transport (CPORT) file, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file has been added.

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