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This study was originally processed, archived, and disseminated by Data Sharing and Demographic Research, a project funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).
Principal Investigator(s): Axinn, William G., University of Michigan. Population Studies Center; Thornton, Arland, University of Michigan. Survey Research Center; Barber, Jennifer S., University of Michigan. Survey Research Center; Murphy, Susan A., University of Michigan. Survey Research Center; Ghimire, Dirgha, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center; Fricke, Thomas, University of Michigan. Survey Research Center; Matthews, Stephen, Pennsylvania State University. Population Research Institute; Dangol, Dharma, Tribhuvan University (Nepal). Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science; Pearce, Lisa, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center; Biddlecom, Ann, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center; Shrehtha, Sundar, Pennsylvania State University. Population Research Institute; Massey, Douglas, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center
The study was designed to investigate the influence of changing social contexts on family formation behaviors, marriage, childbearing, and contraceptive use. The research investigates the extent to which changes in the community produce changes in family formation behavior, and whether the family organization of individual life courses produces these changes in behavior. The study used a combination of ethnographic and survey research methods to gather 171 neighborhood histories, 142 school histories, 118 health service histories, 20 bus route histories, household farming practices, family planning histories, and household composition in Western Chitwan, Nepal. Personal histories were gathered from the 5,271 individuals ages 15-59 years living in these neighborhoods using a semi-structured Life History Calendar and a highly structured survey questionnaire. The sample neighborhoods for this study were chosen to represent the neighborhoods in Western Chitwan, including each of the five major ethnic groups inhabiting the area: high caste Hindus, hill Tibeto-Burmese (such as Gurung, Tamang, and Magar), indigenous terai Tibeto-Burmese (such as Tharu, Darai, and Kumal), Newar, and other caste Hindus. Neighborhood history calendars measured the neighborhood's distance, in terms of minutes walking, to a variety of organizations and services. Schools were defined as places of instruction for children of any age or grade. Health clinics were defined as any places of care and healing, such as doctors' offices, hospitals, and health posts. Employers were any places that employed 10 or more people for pay. Cinemas were movie theaters or halls where movies were shown. Bus stops were any places where people could obtain a ride for pay on a vehicle.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.
This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, specific data files are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete an Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research. Apply for access to these data via the study home page .
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Axinn, William G., Arland Thornton, Jennifer S. Barber, Susan A. Murphy, Dirgha Ghimire, Thomas Fricke, Stephen Matthews, Dharma Dangol, Lisa Pearce, Ann Biddlecom, Sundar Shrehtha, and Douglas Massey. Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study: Changing Social Contexts and Family Formation. ICPSR04538-v7. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-09-01. doi:10.3886/ICPSR04538.v7
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04538.v7
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD 2R01 HD32912-06)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: agriculture, birth control, child rearing, children, communities, commuting (travel), contraception, families, family planning, family structure, health care, health services utilization, household composition, living arrangements, marriage, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhoods, prenatal care, social change, social environment
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: Residents of the western Chitwan Valley in south central Nepal and their spouses, 15-59 years of age.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
This data collection combines new data with two previously released datasets: CHITWAN VALLEY [NEPAL] FAMILY STUDY, 1996-1997 (ICPSR 3059) and HOUSEHOLD AGRICULTURE AND CONSUMPTION SURVEY, 1996 [CHITWAN VALLEY, NEPAL] (ICPSR 3392). These two datasets are no longer available individually.
Dataset 29, 1996 and 2008 Panel Data Combination, Restricted-Use is a combination of variables from datasets 27 and 12.
Datasets 30 and 31 share additional GIS shapefiles. See the Guide to the Western Chitwan ArcGIS Map Document for more information on these shapefiles and how to use them with the datasets.
Sample: Neighborhoods were chosen as the sampling units. The sample is stratified into three distance strata. Stratum 1 includes only areas near the urban center, city of Narayanghat. Stratum 3 includes only areas far from Narayanghat and Stratum 2 includes the areas at the middle, between Stratum 1 and Stratum 3. The sample is two stage. Stage 1 is a sample of settlements selected using 1991 census data as a sampling frame. The settlement ranged from 15 to 1,000 households. Measure of size was the number of female residents in the settlement. Stage 1 sampling yielded a systematic sample of 10 settlements in each stratum, for a total of 30 settlements. Stage 2 was the actual sample of Toles, or neighborhoods. Stage 2 sampling units are neighborhoods which are defined as clusters of approximately 5 to 15 households in close proximity to one another.
Mode of Data Collection: mixed mode
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-01-18
- 2012-11-14 Documentation files were added for public release.
- 2012-11-14 Minor edits made to the metadata.
- 2011-09-06 Files missing from the previous update are now available.
- 2011-09-01 The principal investigators submitted 3 new datasets, parts 29, 30, and 31. Part 29 is a combined dataset of 1996 and 2008 Panel Data.
- 2010-10-22 The principal investigators submitted updates of the Household Registry at 126 months restricted and public-use data. Also, parts 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, and 24 are being updated. Additionally, it has been discovered that previously parts 21 and 25 are the same. Therefore, a duplicate part has been removed, making 26 parts instead of 27.
- 2010-07-23 The principal investigators submitted additional datasets, Parts 24-27, as well as updated Parts 15-17 and 18-23.
- 2009-05-20 Principal investigators re-submitted an updated Part 14 dataset
- 2009-05-13 New data for Part 13 were submitted by the principal investigators to correct the sample size.
- 2007-08-02 The User Agreement has been updated by adding the complete list of restricted data files available under the agreement.
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