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National Survey of Local Government Economic Development, 1998 (ICPSR 4433)

Principal Investigator(s): Green, Gary P., University of Wisconsin


This data collection was a part of a larger research project designed to examine the role of public-private partnerships and local development organizations (LDO) in rural America. Most studies of local development policy have examined the activities of local governments, or, in a few cases, the effects of LDOs. There has been, however, little research on how local governments and development organizations interact, the effects of their activities on policies, and the outcomes of those policies on job and income growth. The purpose of this research project was to gain a better understanding of the organization of economic development in nonmetropolitan areas, specifically, what factors led to policy adoption and the creation of an LDO in a community.

In the fall of 1998, this survey was sent to local government officials in United States cities with a population between 2,500 and 50,000 (nonmetropolitan areas).

The survey included questions on what was being done to promote economic development and attract new businesses, whether new businesses were created or moved into the community as a result of the development efforts, funding for economic development, and sources of the funding (e.g., state grants-in-aid or local revenues). Additional topics included types of business incentives, performance agreements, labor surveys (identifying wages and benefits), job training programs, and types of barriers experienced. Each local government agency was also surveyed on their interaction with organizations like the Chamber of Commerce, private lending institutions, neighborhood associations, churches, and regional planning commissions, and whether any of these organizations helped in developing local economic development strategies and in what manner.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Green, Gary P. NATIONAL SURVEY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, 1998. ICPSR04433-v1. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin, Department of Rural Sociology [producer], 1999. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-17. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04433.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04433.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Agriculture (97-35401-4353)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    businesses, communities, community organizations, counties, economic development, economic planning, economic policy, financial support, government agencies, grants, labor unions, local government, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofit organizations, public policy, rural development, tax deductions

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1998

Date of Collection:   

  • 1998 (Fall)

Unit of Observation:    Local government agency

Universe:    Local government agencies in the United States in nonmetropolitan areas with population between 2,500 and 50,000.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The case count indicated in the technical report (located in the appendix of the codebook) does not match the case count in the data collection. (2) The technical report describes additional data analyses. See ICPSR 4434 for the data corresponding to the NATIONAL SURVEY OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS. ICPSR does not have the data corresponding to the case studies or the paired comparison analysis.


Sample:    Approximately 5,300 cities were identified for inclusion in the study representing nonmetropolitan areas with population between 2,500 and 50,000 people. Questionnaires were mailed out to the local government officials of these cities. The surveys that were returned comprised the study population.

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2007-09-17

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