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Census of Governments, 1992: Employment Statistics (ICPSR 4419)

Principal Investigator(s):


The United States Census Bureau conducts a Census of Governments every five years -- in years ending in "2" or "7" -- to collect information about employment in the United States. The 1992 Census included approximately 87,000 state and local governments. This collection includes information regarding full-time and part-time employment, part-time employee hours worked, full-time equivalent employment, and payroll statistics by type of government (state, county, city, township, special district, and school district), and by governmental function. Government functions include elementary and secondary education, higher education, police protection, fire protection, financial administration, other government administration, judicial and legal, highways, public welfare, solid waste management, and sewerage. This function information also includes parks and recreation, health, hospitals, water supply, electric power, gas supply, transit, natural resources, correction, libraries, air transportation, water transport and terminals, other education, state liquor stores, social insurance administration, and housing and community development.

Series: Census of Governments Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS1:  Individual Unit Data File - Download All Files (116.6 MB)
DS2:  Individual Unit Governments Integrated Directory File - Download All Files (69.5 MB)
DS3:  Final Restructured Individual Unit File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (791.1 MB) large dataset
DS4:  County Area Data File - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
DS5:  County Area Data Governments Integrated Directory File - Download All Files (3.2 MB)
DS6:  Final Restructured County Area File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (26.5 MB)
DS7:  State by Type-of-Government Summaries Data File - Download All Files (4.9 MB)
DS8:  State by Type-of-Government Governments Integrated Directory File - Download All Files (2.3 MB)
DS9:  Final Restructured State by Type-of-Government File with Added Identifiers - Download All Files (6.8 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Governments, 1992: Employment Statistics. ICPSR04419-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research[distributor], 2014-02-11. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04419.v2

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census, census data, employers, employment, employment practices, full-time employment, government, government employees, income, local government, part-time employment, state government, workers, working hours

Smallest Geographic Unit:   FIPS Place Code

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1992-10

Date of Collection:  

  • 1992-10

Unit of Observation:   local governments, state governments

Universe:   State and local governments in the United States.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

The Original P.I. Documentation explains that this study was conducted in October 1992. However, the variable SYEAR, in Part 2 (Individual Unit Governments Integrated Directory File) and Part 3 (Final Restructured Individual Unit File with Added Identifiers File), includes years other than 1992. No additional information was provided.

For additional information on the Census of Governments, 1992: Employment Statistics, please refer to the United States Census Bureau Web site.


Study Purpose:   The purpose of the employment survey was to measure the number of public employees and their payrolls at a point in time according to a detailed cross-classification by function and type of employee (full- or part-time).

Sample:   Data that are derived from a census are not subject to sampling variability.

Time Method:   Cross-sectional

Weight:   Part 2 (Individual Unit Governments Integrated Directory File) and Part 3 (Final Restructured Individual Unit File with Added Identifiers) contain a weight variable, WEIGHT, that users may wish to use in analysis. For additional weighting information, please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR codebook.

Mode of Data Collection:   mail questionnaire

Data Source:

Data in this collection are based on information obtained in the 1992 Census of Governments from local government officials, except for certain school system governments.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2014-02-11 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. Additionally, a codebook has been created.



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