This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States] (ICPSR 4248) RSS

Alternate Title:  ACTIVE, 1999-2001

Principal Investigator(s):


ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States] was a multisite randomized controlled trial conducted at six field sites with New England Research Institutes (NERI) as the coordinating center. The field sites included the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged in Boston, Indiana University, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Florida/Wayne State University (Detroit). The primary aim of the trial was to test the effects of three distinct cognitive interventions -- previously found to be successful in improving elders' performance on basic measures of cognition under laboratory or small-scale field conditions -- on measures of cognitively demanding daily activities. Trainings consisted of an initial series of ten group sessions followed by four-session booster trainings at one and three years. The three cognitive interventions focused on memory, executive reasoning, and speed of processing. The design included a no-contact control group. Participants were assessed at baseline, immediately after training, and annually thereafter. A total of 2,832 older adults were enrolled in the trial, and 2,802 were included in the analytical sample. Twenty-six percent of the participants were African American.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS2:  Form 3 Baseline Individual Assessment, Part 1 - Download All Files (8.1 MB)
DS3:  Form 4 Baseline Individual Assessment, Part 2 - Download All Files (23.5 MB)
DS4:  Form 310 HVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
DS5:  Form 311 Word Series - Download All Files (4 MB)
DS6:  Form 312 HVLT Recognition - Download All Files (2.2 MB)
DS7:  Form 313 UFOV - Download All Files (1.2 MB)
DS8:  Form 314 CRT - Download All Files (1 MB)
DS9:  Form 410 PT Individual Assessment - Download All Files (2.1 MB)
DS10:  Form 411 Digit Symbol Substitution and Digit Symbol Copy Data Coding Form - Download All Files (16.7 MB)
DS11:  Form 415 AN1 Individual Assessment, Part 1 - Download All Files (46.1 MB)
DS12:  Form 420 AN1 Individual Assessment, Part 2 - Download All Files (6.5 MB)
DS14:  Form 5 Take-Home - Download All Files (9.7 MB)
DS15:  Form 510 Post-Test Take-Home - Download All Files (4.8 MB)
DS18:  Form 611c AN1 AVLT - Download All Files (7.4 MB)
DS19:  Form 611d AN2 AVLT - Download All Files (7.2 MB)
DS20:  Form 612 Letter Series - Download All Files (3.4 MB)
DS21:  Form 613 AVLT Recognition - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
DS22:  Form 614 Letter Series - Download All Files (2.2 MB)
DS24:  Form 615b AN5 Rivermead - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
DS28:  Form 619 AVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors - Download All Files (1.9 MB)
DS29:  Form 700 AN1 Abbreviated Battery - Download All Files (5.6 MB)
DS30:  Form 705 AN2 Abbreviated Battery - Download All Files (5.4 MB)
DS32:  Form 706b AN5 Abbreviated Battery - Download All Files (4.1 MB)
DS33:  Form 710 AN1 and AN2 Abbreviated Battery, Level 2 - Download All Files (1 MB)
DS34:  Form 713 AN3 Abbreviated Battery, Level 2 - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
DS35:  Form 714 AN5 Abbreviated Battery, Level 2 - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
DS36:  Form 717 Take-Home EPT - Download All Files (2.9 MB)
DS38:  Form 803 AN3 Individual Assessment, Part 1 - Download All Files (5.3 MB)
DS39:  Form 804 AN5 Individual Assessment, Part 1 - Download All Files (4.8 MB)
DS40:  Form 810 AN2 Individual Assessment, Part 2 - Download All Files (18.9 MB)
DS42:  Form 814 AN5 Individual Assessment, Part 2 - Download All Files (13.1 MB)
DS43:  Analysis Dataset - Download All Files (10.6 MB)

Study Description


Tennstedt, Sharon, John Morris, Frederick Unverzagt, George Rebok, Sherry Willis, Karlene Ball, and Michael Marsiske. ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States]. ICPSR04248-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-06-30.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Nursing Research

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   activities of daily living, aging, aging population, cognitive functioning, cognitive processes, everyday life, independent living, living conditions, mental health, older adults, quality of life

Geographic Coverage:   Alabama, Florida, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1999--2001

Date of Collection:  

  • 1999--2001

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Persons 65 and older who were noninstitutionalized, but were at risk of loss of functional independence.

Data Types:   observational data

Data Collection Notes:

The following is a list of acronyms used in the titles of many of the 34 data parts in this collection:

  1. AN1 -- 1st Annual Post-Test
  2. AN2 -- 2nd Annual Post-Test
  3. AVLT -- Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test
  4. BL AVLT -- Baseline Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test
  5. CRT -- Complex Reaction Time
  6. EPT -- Everyday Problems Test
  7. HVLT -- Hopkins Verbal Learning Test
  8. OTDL -- Observed Tasks of Daily Living
  9. PAN1 -- 1st Annual Post-Test
  10. PT -- Post-Test
  11. PT AVLT -- Post-Test Baseline Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test
  12. Rivermead -- Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test
  13. UFOV -- Useful Field of Vision

The Rey AVLT used in this data collection is a subset of the full Rey test.

Only a particular subset of the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test was used for ACTIVE.


Sample:   The sample consisted of 2,832 persons aged 65 to 94 recruited from 6 metropolitan areas in the United States. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) recruited participants from residents of Jefferson County, Alabama, who were licensed to drive or who possessed nondriver ID cards issued through the Alabama Department of Public Safety, and they recruited from UAB eye clinics. The Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged (HRCA) in Boston, Massachusetts, recruited from congregate and senior housing sites, senior centers, and a registry of volunteers for aging research at the Harvard Cooperative Program on Aging. Indiana University recruited clients of the Community Centers of Indianapolis and through local churches and senior organizations. Johns Hopkins University recruited from senior centers, churches, senior housing, and senior organizations in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area and in Cumberland, Maryland. Pennsylvania State University recruited from the enrollment files of a state-funded pharmaceutical assistance program for low-income elders, called PACE. And Wayne State University recruited from community organizations, churches, and senior housing in metropolitan Detroit, as well as from state of Michigan driver registration lists. The study design also included a no-contact control group.

Data Source:

cognitive assessment tests

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2010-06-30 Part 43, Analysis Dataset, has been updated.
  • 2009-08-06 This is the update of the previously archived ACTIVE study, Limited Access from Baseline to Second Annual. The current submission is for Third Annual and Fifth Annual assessments. New datasets include: Forms 706a, 706b, 713, 714, 803, 804, 813, and 814. The following datasets have been updated and include Annual 3 and 5 data: Forms 5, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 411, 422, 611a, 611b, 612, 613, 614, 615a, 615b, 616, 617, 619, and 717. The Analysis dataset (analydat) has data from baseline to Annual 5.
  • 2008-09-29 New datasets added are Forms 5, 411, 510, 616, 618 and 619. Updated datasets are Forms 2, 4, 700, 705 and 610.
  • 2006-05-02 Additional Principal Investigators were added. No other changes were made.

Related Publications



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.