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National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Impact of Alcohol or Drug Use and Incarceration on Child Care in Santa Clara County, California, 2003 (ICPSR 4211) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This pilot study was conducted in an attempt to better understand the jailed population in terms of the number of families at risk and the relationship between parental substance use and incarceration and its impact on the children of the incarcerated. The aim of the study was to describe the jailed population, their needs in relation to substance abuse and parenting issues, to explore children's risk factors resulting from having a parent with substance abuse and/or criminal justice involvement, and ultimately to offer a point of intervention for parents and children at risk. Participants included 229 men and 52 women aged 18 and older, who were in their first 48 hours of incarceration in the Santa Clara County Department of Corrections in August 2003 and who where voluntary participants in the National Institute of Justice's (NIJ) Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program (ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES, 2003 [ICPSR 4020]). Male subjects were chosen through a random selection process, while female participants were taken from a convenience sample. The pilot study used a questionnaire completed as an addendum to the ADAM program main interview. Major types of variables included in this study are type and duration of alcohol/drug use, family history of incarceration, number and ages of children for whom the respondent was the primary caregiver, social consequences for the child due to the incarceration of the respondent, and if the child had any problems with drugs and/or alcohol.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    A downloadable version of data for this study is available however, certain identifying information in the downloadable version may have been masked or edited to protect respondent privacy. Additional data not included in the downloadable version are available in a restricted version of this data collection. For more information about the differences between the downloadable data and the restricted data for this study, please refer to the codebook notes section of the PDF codebook. Users interested in obtaining restricted data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

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Study Description

Citation

Wiley, James A. IMPACT OF ALCOHOL OR DRUG USE AND INCARCERATION ON CHILD CARE IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA, 2003. ICPSR04211-v1. San Francisco, CA: San Francisco State University [producer], 2003. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-10-11. doi:10.3886/ICPSR04211.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2002-IJ-CX-0030)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   ADAM/DUF Program, alcohol abuse, child development, drug use, inmate populations, parental influence

Geographic Coverage:   California, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2003-01--2004-03

Date of Collection:  

  • 2003-08-04--2003-08-17

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Men and women aged 18 and older who were incarcerated in the Santa Clara County Department of Corrections in August 2003.

Data Types:   survey data

Methodology

Study Purpose:   This pilot study was conducted to better understand the jailed population in terms of the number of families at risk and the relationship between parental substance use and incarceration and its impact on the children of the incarcerated. The study aimed to describe the jailed population, their needs in relation to substance abuse and parenting issues, to explore children's risk factors resulting from having a parent with substance abuse and/or criminal justice involvement, and ultimately to offer a point of intervention for parents and children at risk.

Study Design:   The study, conducted in August 2003, by San Francisco State University, Public Research Institute, consisted of a sample of 229 men and 52 women aged 18 and older, who were in their first 48 hours of incarceration in the Santa Clara County Department of Corrections and who were voluntary participants in NIJ's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program (ARRESTEE DRUG ABUSE MONITORING (ADAM) PROGRAM IN THE UNITED STATES, 2003 [ICPSR 4020]). ADAM Program participants were selected from all arrestees charged with any criminal act in Santa Clara County. Male subjects were chosen through a random selection process, while female subjects were taken from a convenience sample. The study used a questionnaire completed as an addendum to the ADAM Program main interview. All ADAM participants listened to a second informed consent statement upon completing of the main survey, after which they were asked to complete the ten-minute interview.

Sample:   The sample for male subjects was a random sample from all males aged 18 years or more who were in their first 48 hours of incarceration in the Santa Clara County Department of Corrections and who were voluntary participants in NIJ's Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) Program. The sample for female subjects was a convenience sample from all females meeting the same criteria. There are several limitations to the study that should be considered. First, this was a pilot study with a limited number of respondents. Second, the anonymity of the ADAM study prevented any follow-up interviews with the children resulting in a one-sided reporting of family life. Third, any findings are specific to the Santa Clara County jail population, although preliminary findings show similarities between this population and jail populations in other counties.

Weight:   Because data were only collected over a single quarter, ADAM sampling weights are not included in the data.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview, on-site questionnaire

Data Source:

Data were collected from the ADAM program interview and the questionnaire added as an addendum.

Description of Variables:   Variables used in the study include the gender and ethnicity of the respondents, type of offense currently incarcerated for, familial history of incarceration, history of drug and alcohol use (including types of drugs used), age when drugs and/or alcohol were first used, and number of times drugs and/or alcohol had been used in the last 12 months. Other variables pertain to the respondent's children, including the number and ages of children the respondent is responsible for, who the child lives with most of the time, who watches the child and where the child would stay while the respondent is incarcerated, number of days of school the child had missed in the past 12 months, if the child had any history of drug and/or alcohol use, if the child had ever been the victim of violence, if the child had ever been in a juvenile detention facility, and if the child or family had ever received any support such as tutoring, counseling, or parenting classes. Because data were only collected over a single quarter, ADAM sampling weights are not included in the data.

Response Rates:   Among ADAM-eligible male arrestees, 56.7 percent consented to participate. Among female arrestees, 59.2 percent consented to participate. Ninety-seven percent of all ADAM participants consented to participate in the addendum survey.

Presence of Common Scales:   Likert-type scales were used.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

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