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Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 1990-1997: Trends CEEB 1-8 (ICPSR 4153)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz, European Commission; Cunningham, George, European Commission; Kuzma, Malgorzata, European Commission; Hersom, Louis, European Commission; Vantomme, Jacques, European Commission


The Central and Eastern Eurobarometer (CEEB) survey series was carried out on behalf of the European Commission (DG X) between 1990 and 1997 under the direction of Karlheinz Reif (until 1995) and George Cunningham. Administered once per year, the CEEB surveys monitored economic and political change and attitudes toward Europe and the European Union in countries of the region, including Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic, Estonia, GDR/Eastern Germany, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia/FYROM, Moldova, Poland, Romania, European Russia/Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia. This data collection was compiled from the original eight CEEB surveys and consists of 280 selected trend variables (including some demographic and technical variables) representing 49 trend questions. Trend variables were chosen through an iterative selection process that started with the European Commission's definition of "Trend" questions and included variables that already had been asked in the past surveys at least three times (years) in identical or similar wording. Harmonization of some of these variables was necessary. The general scope of the information gathered pertained to attitudes toward the European Commission, current political and economic questions of the country, and evaluation of democratic and economic reforms. Specific topics included judgment on the general political and economic development of the country, expected development of the economic situation, judgment on one's own financial situation, attitude to the market economy, frequency of political discussions, judgment on economic reforms, satisfaction with democracy, human rights, feeling like a European, attitude to European unification, most important source of information about the EC, EU membership, desired point in time for the country to join the EC, NATO membership, benefits of EU relationship, and left-right self placement. Background variables include age, education level, occupation, right to vote, voting intention, party voted for, size of household, income, national background, native language, region, and size of community.

Series: Central and Eastern Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, George Cunningham, Malgorzata Kuzma, Louis Hersom, and Jacques Vantomme. Central and Eastern Eurobarometer 1990-1997: Trends CEEB 1-8. ICPSR04153-v1. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2005-10-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04153.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04153.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    democracy, economic conditions, economic integration, economic reform, European Economic Community, European Union, expectations, free markets, human rights, international alliances, life satisfaction, personal finances, political attitudes, political awareness, political change, political reform, public opinion, quality of life, social attitudes, social change, sources of information, trade policy, voter expectations

Geographic Coverage:    Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Europe, Georgia (Republic), Germany, Global, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Time Period:   

  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992
  • 1993
  • 1994
  • 1995
  • 1996
  • 1997

Date of Collection:   

  • 1990-01--1991-05
  • 1991-09--1991-10
  • 1992-10--1992-11
  • 1993-11--1993-12
  • 1994-11
  • 1995-10--1995-11
  • 1996-10--1996-11
  • 1997-10--1997-11

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the Central and Eastern European countries of Albania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic, Estonia, GDR/Eastern Germany, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia/FYROM, Moldova, Poland, Romania, European Russia/Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This data collection derives from the original eight CEEB datasets. Those eight CEEB studies were released through ICPSR under the ICPSR study numbers 6104, 6105, 6106, 6466, 6656, 6835, 2296, and 2624.

ICPSR created two variables for this dataset: V1A ICPSR Study Number and V5A Original ICPSR Study Number.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.


Original ICPSR Release:   2005-10-26

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