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Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994 (ICPSR 4058)
Principal Investigator(s): Blau, Judith R., University of North Carolina. Sociology Department
The collection consists of time series for the births and deaths of newspapers for Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, with time-varying covariates. This data collection stemmed from a study of cultural production and the role of newspapers in social and political mobilization. The data have been used to study ethnic and political group formation and the importance of newspapers as an indicator of civil society. The New York City data also allow the analysis of organizational histories, including mergers, and newspapers' chained histories. Data were collected from secondary data sources, including multiple sources for newspapers, United States historical censuses, immigration data, wars, recessions, unemployment rates, and election data. The length of the time series varies by city, with the longest series for New York City, Buffalo, Boston, and Philadelphia. For most files, the year is the unit of analysis, which lends itself to Poisson count analyses or event history. Network techniques are appropriate with the entrepreneurship data. Parts 1-7 of this collection contain pooled data across multiple cities. Parts 8 and 9 contain data for Baltimore. Parts 10-25 include data from Boston, while Parts 26-45 cover Buffalo. Parts 46-63 are data for New York City and Parts 64-89 contain data for Philadelphia. Lastly, Parts 90 and 91 include data for Washington, DC.
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Blau, Judith R. Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994. ICPSR04058-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-07-29. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04058.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04058.v1
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SES-9108923, SES-8907765)
Scope of Study
Smallest Geographic Unit: cities
Geographic Coverage: Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York (state), New York City, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: cities, years, newspapers
Universe: Newspapers in large cities in the United States.
Data Types: census/enumeration data, and event/transaction data
Sample: The cities were selected purposively, with emphasis on older and larger cities in the United States.
United States Bureau of the Census
Ayers and Rowells, N.W. Ayer and Sons American Newspaper Annual
HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003)
United States Newspaper Program National Union List
United States Immigration and Nationalization Service reports
State election data for New York (state)
Multiple sources for fixed and varying historical covariates, as noted in publications
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2005-07-29
- 2006-03-30 File CB04058-ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
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