National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC): Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998 (ICPSR 3750) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This is an independent sample of juvenile defendants drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) for 1998 (see ICPSR 2038). SCPS 1998 tracked felony cases filed in May 1998 until final disposition or until one year had elapsed from the date of filing. SCPS 1998 presents data on felony cases filed in approximately 40 of the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1998. These 75 counties account for more than a third of the United States population and approximately half of all reported crimes. The cases from these 40 jurisdictions were weighted to represent all felony filings during the month of May in the 75 most populous counties. Data were collected on arrest charges, demographic characteristics, criminal history, pretrial release and detention, adjudication, and sentencing. Within each sampled site, data were gathered on each juvenile felony case. Cases were tracked through adjudication or for up to one year. The source used to identify the upper age for juveniles and the filing mechanism appropriate to each state was the OJJDP publication, Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions (December 1998).

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

Dataset - Download All Files (9.8 MB)
Documentation:
Data:

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC): Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998 . ICPSR03750-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research[distributor], 2003. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03750.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   case processing, court cases, criminal histories, defendants, disposition (legal), felons, felony courts, juveniles, pretrial detention, pretrial release, sentencing, state courts, statistical data

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1998

Date of Collection:  

  • 1998

Universe:   Felony court filings during the month of May in 1998 in the 40 of the 75 most populous counties in the United States.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   An independent sample of juvenile defendants was drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics 1998 series. The sample is non-probabilistic of the counties and cannot be generalized to the universe of 75 counties.

Data Source:

national, state, and local agencies

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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