National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention .
Juvenile Defendants in Criminal Courts (JDCC): Survey of 40 Counties in the United States, 1998 (ICPSR 3750)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Summary: This is an independent sample of juvenile defendants drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) for 1998 (see ICPSR 2038). SCPS 1998 tracked felony cases filed in May 1998 until final disposition or until one year had elapsed from the date of filing. SCPS 1998 presents data on felony cases filed in approximately 40 of the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1998. These 75 counties account for more than a third of the United States population and approximately half of a... (more info)
This data is freely available.
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. JUVENILE DEFENDANTS IN CRIMINAL COURTS (JDCC): SURVEY OF 40 COUNTIES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1998. Conducted by Pretrial Services Resource Center [producer], 1998. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2003. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03750.v1
Persistent URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03750.v1
Scope of Study
Summary: This is an independent sample of juvenile defendants drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) for 1998 (see ICPSR 2038). SCPS 1998 tracked felony cases filed in May 1998 until final disposition or until one year had elapsed from the date of filing. SCPS 1998 presents data on felony cases filed in approximately 40 of the nation's 75 most populous counties in 1998. These 75 counties account for more than a third of the United States population and approximately half of all reported crimes. The cases from these 40 jurisdictions were weighted to represent all felony filings during the month of May in the 75 most populous counties. Data were collected on arrest charges, demographic characteristics, criminal history, pretrial release and detention, adjudication, and sentencing. Within each sampled site, data were gathered on each juvenile felony case. Cases were tracked through adjudication or for up to one year. The source used to identify the upper age for juveniles and the filing mechanism appropriate to each state was the OJJDP publication, Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions (December 1998).
Subject Terms: case processing, criminal histories, court cases, defendants, disposition (legal), felony courts, felons, juveniles, pretrial detention, pretrial release, sentencing, state courts, statistical data
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Felony court filings during the month of May in 1998 in the 40 of the 75 most populous counties in the United States.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook for this collection is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Sample: An independent sample of juvenile defendants was drawn from the State Court Processing Statistics 1998 series. The sample is non-probabilistic of the counties and cannot be generalized to the universe of 75 counties.
national, state, and local agencies
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2003-09-25
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