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Quebec Sovereignty Referendum Study, 1995 (ICPSR 3726)

Principal Investigator(s): Clarke, Harold D., University of Texas at Dallas; Kornberg, Allan, Duke University


This study, which was part of the "Can Mature Democracies Fail?" project, looked at public opinion regarding issues related to the Quebec Sovereignty Referendum held October 30, 1995. The sample consisted of adults aged 18 and over from Quebec and the rest of Canada (ROC). Survey interviews were conducted two weeks prior to the referendum and two weeks immediately after the referendum. Two versions of the survey instrument were administered: one for respondents from Quebec and one for the rest of Canada. Respondents were also asked to complete a mail-back survey, which was available in both French and English. Areas of investigation focused on political affiliation, voting behavior, interest in politics, and opinions regarding political parties, party leaders, the Canadian government, the provincial government, democracy, federal politics, a sovereign Quebec, and constitutional options. Demographic variables include age, gender, household size, occupation, education, and ethnicity.

Access Notes

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Dataset - Download All Files (28.885 MB)
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Study Description


Clarke, Harold D., and Allan Kornberg. Quebec Sovereignty Referendum Study, 1995 . ICPSR03726-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03726.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03726.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9514385)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    democracy, elections, national economy, political change, political issues, political leaders, political movements, political parties, political systems, provincial elections, provincial government, provincial politics, quality of life, referendum, self government, separatism, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Canada, Global, Quebec (province)

Time Period:   

  • 1995-10-30

Date of Collection:   

  • 1995-10--1996-02

Unit of Observation:    individuals

Universe:    Adults 18 years and older living in Canada.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The Quebec data are weighted to census distributions for age and gender. The ROC data are weighted to census distributions for age, gender, and province.

A complete sampling description of the data collection can be obtained from Canadian Facts.

Peter Wearing, Senior Project Director, Canadian Facts, Toronto, Ontario, Canada collaborated on this project.

This study was part of the "Can Mature Democracies Fail?" project.


Sample:    Representative samples of adult populations (aged 18 and older) of Quebec and the rest of Canada were drawn using random-digit dialing telephone surveys, and interviews were conducted using a CATI protocol.

Data Source:

telephone interviews, and mailback questionnaires

Response Rates:    65 percent


Original ICPSR Release:   2004-08-26

Version History:

  • 2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.
  • 2005-02-21 The Quebec and rest of Canada mail surveys were scanned and added to the PDF documentation.

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