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This study was originally processed, archived, and disseminated by Data Sharing for Demographic Research (DSDR), a project funded by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study: Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security (ICPSR 36755)

Alternate Title:   LOAF

Principal Investigator(s): Ghimire, Dirgha, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center

Summary:

The Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study: Labor Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security is a three year project with the aim to investigate the consequences of labor outmigration on agricultural productivity in a poor agricultural country persistently facing food security problems. This project's data collection is made up of two datasets:

Dataset 1: The Household Agriculture and Migration Survey includes information on household agricultural practices and remittances received by the household. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data from household members who previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

Topics of the survey include crop production and farm technology use, wealth, assets, income, consumption, food security and information about each household member currently away from home. The survey also collected information on gender, ethnicity, and age.

Dataset 2: The Women's Time Use Survey was designed and administered to married, Nepalese women to collect information on changes in their time and involvement in agriculture and other activities. Face-to-face interviews and telephone interviews were conducted to collect data from women who previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

The collection covered a range of topics including farm work, hygiene, finances, health, and religion. Further, respondents were queried concerning socialization and assisting children and the elderly.

Series: Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Calendar Data - Download All Files (36.567 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Women's Time Use Survey Data - Download All Files (26.557 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

Ghimire, Dirgha. Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study: Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security. ICPSR36755-v1. Colchester, England: UK Data Service/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2017-04-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36755.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36755.v1

Export Citation:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom) (ES/L012065/1)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activities of daily living, agriculture, business expenditures, child care, cleaning, communication, crops, economic behavior, family life, farm workers, farming communities, food security, hobbies, home owners, land distribution, land ownership, livestock, marriage, profits, religion, women, work

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Country

Geographic Coverage:    Asia, Global, Nepal

Time Period:   

  • 2015-07-15--2015-12-20 (Dataset 1)
  • 2015-08-23--2015-12-02 (Dataset 2)

Date of Collection:   

  • 2015-07--2015-12 (Dataset 1)
  • 2015-08--2015-12 (Dataset 2)

Unit of Observation:    Dataset 1: Household, Dataset 2: Respondent

Universe:   

Dataset 1: Individuals 18 years and older who are from a farming household.

Dataset 2: Married women, 18 years and older, who are from a farming household.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data from additional waves of datasets 1 and 2 will be made available in the near future.

This collection incorporates surveys completed by individuals from farming households in the Chitwan Valley Family Study: Changing Social Contexts and Family Formation.

Additional information on the Chitwan Valley Family Study can be found on the Program in Society, Population, and Environment project Website.

More information on this collection can be found on the Labor Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Project Website.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   

The purpose was to investigate the consequences of labour outmigration on agricultural productivity in a poor agricultural country persistently facing food security problems. We aim to answer three high-priority scientific and policy questions: To what extent (a) Does labour outmigration influence (i) agricultural productivity, (ii) women's participation in farming, and (iii) exit from farming? (b) Do remittances influence (i) farm technology use, (ii) women's participation in farming, and (iii) exit from farming? (c) Do farm technology use and exit from farming influence subsequent outmigration?

The proposed project aims to better understand the relationship between labour outmigration and agriculture, providing crucial information for scientific and policy development of food security concerns.

Study Design:   

Dataset 1: Using the Chitwan Valley Family Study (CVFS) surveys and national surveys (Demographic Health Survey and Nepal Living Standard Survey), this survey was designed as a 43-minute Household Agriculture and Migration Survey. This survey includes information on household agricultural practices, including crop production and farm technology use, wealth, assets, income, consumption, food security and information about each household member currently away from home, and remittances received by the household. In addition, an Agriculture and Remittance Calendar was designed to collect retrospective data on farming/non-farming status, crop production, land under cultivation, farm technology use, migration and remittances from 2006 through July 2015 matching with the agricultural production data collection in 2006. This draft survey was pre-tested in 50 households before data collection was launched.

The first wave of the survey was administered to 2,255 households residing within 151 CVFS sample neighborhoods July 15, 2015 through December 20, 2015. Data collection for the first wave is complete with a response rate of 98.2%. These data are part of the Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security project data collection, which also includes the Women's Time Use Survey data. Households that participated include the women surveyed in the related data collection. Data from additional waves of the Household Agriculture and Migration Survey will be deposited after data collection is completed.

Dataset 2: A 16 minute Women's Participation in Farming Survey was designed and administered to women from farm households to collect information on changes in their time and involvement in agriculture and other activities. Survey instruments were used from the International Food Policy Research Institute's modules for the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index and Nepal Living Standard Survey (NLSS) as a basis for the Women's Participation in Farming Survey. The instrument was pre-tested to 50 women before finalizing survey content. This instrument was designed in calendar format to assess the number of hours worked in various household (farming and non-farming) activities in the past 24 hours and the number of days worked in each activity in the past month.

The first wave of the survey was administered to 2,421 women in August 2015. Women that participated are from the households surveyed in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Sample:   

Dataset 1: The sample was composed of 2,255 households residing within 151 CVFS sample neighborhoods (July 15, 2015 through December 20, 2015).

Dataset 2: The sample included 2,421 married, Nepalese women from farming households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel , Time Series: Discrete

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Response Rates:   

Dataset 1: 98.20%

Dataset 2: 98.50%

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2017-04-27

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