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Tailored Teen Alcohol and Violence Prevention in the Emergency Room, 2006-2009 [Flint, Michigan] (ICPSR 36732)

Alternate Title:   SafERteens Screening Survey Data

Principal Investigator(s): Walton, Maureen, University of Michigan

Summary:

The Tailored Teen Alcohol and Violence Prevention in the Emergency Room survey screened 3,338 adolescents in an urban emergency department (ED) over a 30-month collection period. Eligible adolescents who self-reported alcohol misuse and violence were asked to participate in a longitudinal study to assess the efficacy of various brief interventions (BIs) at reducing peer violence, victimization, and substance abuse.

Patients aged 14 to 18 years who presented for medical illness or injury were eligible for screening (see Sampling exclusions). Recruitment occurred between 12pm and 11pm, 7 days a week (September 2006-September 2009), excluding major holidays. Adolescent patients identified from electronic logs were approached by research assistants in waiting rooms or treatment spaces. Following obtainment of written consent (and assent and parent/guardian consent if under 18 years of age), participants self-administered a 15-minute computerized survey with audio. After completing the survey, participants reporting both past-year aggression (peer, dating, weapon carriage/use) and alcohol consumption were eligible to enroll in the longitudinal study. Participants reporting only 1 behavior (aggression or alcohol use) were not eligible.

Following obtainment of written consent (and assent and parent/guardian consent if under 18 years of age) for the longitudinal study, participants self-administered a computerized baseline assessment. Participants were informed that they would be randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: computer session, counselor session, or brochure. Participants were blinded to condition assignment until after the baseline assessment. After the baseline, participants were randomized and received the therapist brief intervention, computer brief intervention, or control brochure during the ED visit.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

Tailored Teen Alcohol and Violence Prevention in the Emergency Room, 2006-2009 [Flint, Michigan] - Download All Files (8.771 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Walton, Maureen. Tailored Teen Alcohol and Violence Prevention in the Emergency Room, 2006-2009 [Flint, Michigan]. ICPSR36732-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-05-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36732.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36732.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    accidents, adolescents, alcohol, alcohol consumption, automobile use, cigarettes, demographic characteristics, depression (psychology), drug abuse, drug use, emergency departments, gun ownership, gun use, sexual behavior, sexually transmitted disease, violence, violence against women, weapons, youths

Geographic Coverage:    Flint, Michigan, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2006--2009

Date of Collection:   

  • 2006-09-13--2009-09-29

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Patients aged 14 to 18 years of age who presented to a level 1 Emergency Department for medical injury or illness and reported past-year alcohol use and aggression.

Data Type(s):    clinical data, medical records, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This data collection contains only the Screening Survey Data. Additional data were collected as part of the SafERteens randomized control trial but are not available from ICPSR at this time.

For more information on the SafERteens program, please visit the SafERteens program Web site and also the ClinicalTrials.gov Web site. Further information can be found under the related publications section.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The purpose of the screening survey was to recruit adolescent participants for enrollment in a longitudinal study to assess the efficacy of brief interventions (BIs) at reducing violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk for future injury.

Sample:    Adolescent emergency department patients (14-18 years of age) presenting for medical illness or injury were eligible for screening. Adolescents seeking care for acute sexual assault or suicidal ideation, altered mental status precluding consent, or who were medically unstable (ie, abnormal vital signs) were excluded. Inclusion criteria was as follows: (1) adolescents (ages 14-18) presenting to the ED for a medical injury or illness (except exclusions as noted below), (2) adolescents ability to provide informed assent/consent depending on age, (3) access to a parent or guardian to provide informed consent. Exclusion criteria was as follows: (1) adolescents who do not understand English, (2) prisoners, (3) adolescents classified by medical staff as "Level 1" trauma, (4) adolescents deemed unable to provide informed consent, (5) adolescents treated in the ED for suicide attempts, (6) adolescents triaged to the psychiatric ED.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data are not weighted, and the dataset does not contain weight variables.

Mode of Data Collection:    audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI), computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted self interview (CASI)

Response Rates:    86% of those approached in the emergency department (ED) participated in the screening survey.

Presence of Common Scales:    AUDIT-C, POSIT

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2017-05-26

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