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Values, Institutional Quality, and Development in Portugal, 2012-2013 (ICPSR 36289)

Principal Investigator(s): Portes, Alejandro, Princeton University, and University of Miami; Marques, Margarida, New University of Lisbon

Summary:

The purpose of this study was to arrive at an authoritative and nuanced assessment of the functioning and quality of Portuguese institutions through an intensive analysis of organizations and agencies deemed emblematic of the nation's institutional framework. The study selected a sample of organizations of national scope, public and private, that are both intrinsically important and capable of casting light on the character on the broader national institutional universe. Investigators were asked not only to provide historical background and detailed analysis of the internal structure and modes of operation of each organization, but to rank them in a series of strategic dimensions of institutional quality drawn from previous theoretical literature in Economics and Sociology. These topics included meritocracy, proactivity, immunity to corruption, technological flexibility, and fairness. The organizations included in this study are: the Energy Corporation (Energias de Portugal - EDP), the Food and Economic Security Authority (Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica - ASAE), the Postal System (Correios de Portugal - CTT), the Public Health System (Serviço Nacional de Saúde - SNS; Hospital de Santa Maria), and the Stock Exchange (New York Stock Exchange - Euronext Lisbon - LSE), and the Tax Authority (Autoridade Tributária - AT). Surveys were conducted with personnel of the selected organizations to gauge their general value orientations as well as their attitudes toward the organization itself. Questionnaires were answered anonymously and with full guarantees of confidentiality. Surveys were completed with personnel of five of the six institutions selected for the project; the Tax Authority did not participate. Demographic variables include age, sex, gender, education, occupation, and length of employment.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

    One or more files in this collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more.

    Public and restricted versions of the data are included in this collection. Due to the sensitive nature of the restricted data, users will need to complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement before they can obtain the restricted version. These forms can be accessed on the download page associated with this dataset.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  The Energy Corporation (Energias de Portugal - EDP) Public Use Data - Download All Files (3.901 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  The Energy Corporation (Energias de Portugal - EDP) Restricted Use Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  The Food and Economic Security Authority (Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica - ASAE) Public Use Data - Download All Files (3.631 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS4:  The Food and Economic Security Authority (Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica - ASAE) Restricted Use Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  The Public Health System (Serviço Nacional de Saúde - SNS; Hospital de Santa Maria) Public Use Data - Download All Files (3.557 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS6:  The Public Health System (Serviço Nacional de Saúde - SNS; Hospital de Santa Maria) Restricted Use Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS7:  The Stock Exchange (New York Stock Exchange - Euronext Lisbon - LSE) Public Use Data - Download All Files (3.293 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS8:  The Stock Exchange (New York Stock Exchange - Euronext Lisbon - LSE) Restricted Use Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS9:  The Postal System (Correios de Portugal - CTT), Public Use Data - Download All Files (3.913 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS10:  The Postal System (Correios de Portugal - CTT), Restricted Use Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Portes, Alejandro, and Margarida Marques. Values, Institutional Quality, and Development in Portugal, 2012-2013 . ICPSR36289-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-03-28. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36289.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36289.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • Fransisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation of Lisbon

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    achievement, corruption, cultural values, education, employment, employment practices, national identity, organizational behavior, organizational change, organizational culture, organizational structure, social structure, technology, traditions, trust (psychology)

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Country

Geographic Coverage:    Global, Portugal

Time Period:   

  • 2012--2013

Date of Collection:   

  • 2012--2013

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Employees in key Portuguese institutions.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This study was conducted with support of the Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation of Lisbon.

This study was made available with assistance of Jean C. Nava of Princeton University, Department of Sociology.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The study consisted of surveys of the personnel of all selected institutions conducted with the purpose of establishing the evaluation of each organization by the people employed in it and their general value orientations. The original proposal for the project argued that these surveys could provide a check on the evaluations of the institutions provided by the respective investigators and that a value profile of the personnel operating such strategic entities is as, or is more, important than those routinely obtained from the general populations.

Sample:    Convenience sample of individuals in key Portuguese institutions.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire, web-based survey

Response Rates:    Response rates varied from an almost perfect 96 percent for EDP and a high 87 percent for ASAE to approximately half of the contacted personnel in the Stock Exchange and the Postal System to just 3.4 percent in the Santa Maria Hospital. These differences must be taken into account in any analysis. With the exception of the first two institutions, surveys in the remaining three cannot be considered statistically representative since participation was not determined by project personnel but by the respondents themselves. Despite this serious limitation, the absolute size of samples - including those obtained in CTT-Correios and the Santa Maria Hospital - represents valuable information since returned questionnaires give us a glimpse into the attitudes and value orientations of a sizable component of their respective personnel.

Presence of Common Scales:    Schwartz Value Scale

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-03-28

Variables

Utilities

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