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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2013: Diary Survey Files (ICPSR 36275)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Summary:

The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) program provides a continuous and comprehensive flow of data on the buying habits of American consumers, including data on their expenditures, income, and consumer unit (families and single consumers) characteristics. These data are used widely in economic research and analysis, and in support of revisions of the Consumer Price Index.

The CE program is comprised of two separate components (each with its own survey questionnaire and independent sample), the Diary Survey and the quarterly Interview Survey (ICPSR 36237). This data collection contains the Diary Survey component, which was designed to obtain data on frequently purchased smaller items, including food, housing, apparel and services, transportation, entertainment, and out-of-pocket health care costs. Each consumer unit (CU) recorded its expenditures in a diary for two consecutive 1-week periods. Although the diary was designed to collect information on expenditures that could not be easily recalled over time, respondents were asked to report all expenses (except overnight travel) that the CU incurred during the survey week.

The 2013 Diary Survey release contains five sets of data files (FMLD, MEMD, EXPD, DTBD, DTID), and one processing file (DSTUB). The FMLD, MEMD, EXPD, DTBD, and DTID files are organized by the quarter of the calendar year in which the data were collected. There are four quarterly datasets for each of these files.

The FMLD files contain CU characteristics, income, and summary level expenditures; the MEMD files contain member characteristics and income data; the EXPD files contain detailed weekly expenditures at the Universal Classification Code (UCC) level; the DTBD files contain the CU's reported annual income values or the mean of the five imputed income values in the multiple imputation method; and the DTID files contain the five imputed income values. Please note that the summary level expenditure and income information on the FMLD files permit the data user to link consumer spending, by general expenditure category, and household characteristics and demographics on one set of files.

The DSTUB file provides the aggregation scheme used in the published consumer expenditure tables. The DSTUB file is further explained in Section III.F.6. "Processing Files" of the Diary Survey Users' Guide. A second documentation guide, the "Users' Guide to Income Imputation," includes information on how to appropriately use the imputed income data.

Demographic and family characteristics data include age, sex, race, marital status, and CU relationships for each CU member. Income information was also collected, such as wage, salary, unemployment compensation, child support, and alimony, as well as information on the employment of each CU member age 14 and over.

The unpublished integrated CE data tables produced by the BLS are available to download through NADAC (click on "Other" in the Dataset(s) section). The tables show average and percentile expenditures for detailed items, as well as the standard error and coefficient of variation (CV) for each spending estimate. The BLS unpublished integrated CE data tables are provided as an easy-to-use tool for obtaining spending estimates. However, users are cautioned to read the BLS explanatory letter accompanying the tables. The letter explains that estimates of average expenditures on detailed spending items (such as leisure and art-related categories) may be unreliable due to so few reports of expenditures for those items.

Series: Consumer Expenditure Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  First Quarter, 2013: Consumer Unit (CU) Characteristics and Income File (FMLD) - Download All Files (30.386 MB)
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DS2:  First Quarter, 2013: Member Characteristics and Income File (MEMD) - Download All Files (22.711 MB)
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DS3:  First Quarter, 2013: Detailed Expenditures File (EXPD) - Download All Files (38.802 MB)
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DS4:  First Quarter, 2013: Income File (DTBD) - Download All Files (10.292 MB)
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DS5:  First Quarter, 2013: Imputed Income File (DTID) - Download All Files (14.361 MB)
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DS6:  Second Quarter, 2013: Consumer Unit (CU) Characteristics and Income File (FMLD) - Download All Files (31.082 MB)
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DS7:  Second Quarter, 2013: Member Characteristics and Income File (MEMD) - Download All Files (23.719 MB)
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DS8:  Second Quarter, 2013: Detailed Expenditures File (EXPD) - Download All Files (39.516 MB)
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DS9:  Second Quarter, 2013: Income File (DTBD) - Download All Files (10.525 MB)
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DS10:  Second Quarter, 2013: Imputed Income File (DTID) - Download All Files (14.475 MB)
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DS11:  Third Quarter, 2013: Consumer Unit (CU) Characteristics and Income File (FMLD) - Download All Files (28.69 MB)
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DS12:  Third Quarter, 2013: Member Characteristics and Income File (MEMD) - Download All Files (22.047 MB)
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DS13:  Third Quarter, 2013: Detailed Expenditures File (EXPD) - Download All Files (36.834 MB)
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DS14:  Third Quarter, 2013: Income File (DTBD) - Download All Files (9.858 MB)
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DS15:  Third Quarter, 2013: Imputed Income File (DTID) - Download All Files (13.497 MB)
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DS16:  Fourth Quarter, 2013: Consumer Unit (CU) Characteristics and Income File (FMLD) - Download All Files (25.962 MB)
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DS17:  Fourth Quarter, 2013: Member Characteristics and Income File (MEMD) - Download All Files (19.752 MB)
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DS18:  Fourth Quarter, 2013: Detailed Expenditures File (EXPD) - Download All Files (32.801 MB)
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DS19:  Fourth Quarter, 2013: Income File (DTBD) - Download All Files (9.155 MB)
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DS20:  Fourth Quarter, 2013: Imputed Income File (DTID) - Download All Files (12.356 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup    Other

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics . Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2013: Diary Survey Files. ICPSR36275-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-10-19. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36275.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36275.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    consumer behavior, consumer expenditures, consumer price index, consumers, demographic characteristics, durable goods, food costs, Hispanic or Latino Americans, household income, households, income estimates, population estimates, purchasing

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Primary Sampling Unit

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2013

Date of Collection:   

  • 2013 (First Quarter through Fourth Quarter)

Unit of Observation:    Consumer Unit

Universe:    Eligible population includes all civilian non-institutional persons.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection has been minimally processed. ICPSR has extracted variable label and value label information from the Diary Data Dictionary (contained within the ICPSR Codebook) and applied these labels to the corresponding data files. Additionally, UCC item codes have been applied for each UCC variable.

Variable NEWID (CU's unique identification number) can be used to link records across the data files.

Please refer to the BLS Consumer Expenditure Survey Web page for additional information about this data series.

Methodology

Sample:    National probability sample of households designed to represent the total United States non-institutionalized civilian population.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Weight:    The data are not weighted. However, the data files feature various weight variables that users may wish to apply during analyses. Please refer to the Diary Survey Users' Guide for a detailed explanation of the weighting procedures.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-10-19

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