National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA), the aging program within ICPSR. NACDA is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Heath (NIH).

ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008 (ICPSR 36036)

Principal Investigator(s): Willis, Sherry, Pennsylvania State University, and University of Washington; Jones, Richard, Hebrew Senior Life-Boston, and Brown University; Ball, Karlene, University of Alabama; Morris, John, Hebrew Senior Life-Boston; Marsiske, Michael, Wayne State University, and University of Florida; Tennstedt, Sharon, New England Research Institutes; Unverzagt, Frederick, Indiana University; Rebok, George, Johns Hopkins University

Summary:

ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008 was a multisite randomized controlled trial conducted at six field sites with New England Research Institutes (NERI) as the coordinating center. The field sites included the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Hebrew Senior Life (formerly Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged) in Boston, Indiana University, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Pennsylvania State University, and Wayne State University (Detroit). Data in this study are drawn from measures of cognitively demanding daily activities performed by participants who received a variety of cognitive interventions. Measures included both cognitive functioning (memory, inductive reasoning, speed processing, and general knowledge) and daily functioning (everyday problem solving, observations of daily living, complex reaction time, and general functional ability). Secondary to these measures, the study also includes data on health care and service utilization, driving habits, and mobility. Data were collected at the start of the study (baseline) as well as one, two, three, five, and ten years into the study. This collection includes the data from the tenth year of the study as well as a comprehensive analytical dataset, incorporating data from the previous collections (data from previous waves of the study as well as participant demographic data can be found in ICPSR 4248). A total of 2,832 older adults were enrolled in the trial, and 2,802 were included in the analytical sample. Twenty-six percent of the participants were African American.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
Manual.pdf   
DS1:  Form 001 Final Disposition Form - Download All Files (3.291 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Form 002 Deceased Disposition Form - Download All Files (3.371 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS3:  Form 300 Telephone Interview Form - Download All Files (6.359 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS4:  Form 310 HVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors - Download All Files (2.191 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS5:  Form 311 Word Series - Download All Files (4.077 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS6:  Form 312 HVLT Recognition - Download All Files (2.587 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS7:  Form 411 Digit Symbol Substitution & Digit Symbol Copy Data Coding Form - Download All Files (5.979 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS8:  Form 422 OTDL - Download All Files (3.259 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS9:  Form 05 Take-Home Questionnaire - Download All Files (4.551 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS10:  Form 611 AVLT - Download All Files (3.779 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS11:  Form 612 Letter Series - Download All Files (2.905 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS12:  Form 613 AVLT Recognition - Download All Files (3.087 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS13:  Form 614 Letter Sets - Download All Files (2.565 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS14:  Form 615 Rivermead - Download All Files (2.21 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS15:  Form 616 Vocabulary - Download All Files (2.574 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS16:  Form 617 EPT - Download All Files (7.496 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS17:  Form 619 AVLT Intrusion/Perseveration Errors - Download All Files (2.369 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS18:  Form 707 Abbreviated Battery, Part I - Download All Files (6.451 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS19:  Form 715 Abbreviated Battery, Part II - Download All Files (3.455 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS20:  Form 717 Take-Home EPT - Download All Files (7.345 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS21:  Form 805 Individual Assessment Part 1 - Download All Files (4.64 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS22:  Form 815 Individual Assessment Part 2 - Download All Files (9.703 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS23:  Analytic dataset - Download All Files (13.752 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

Willis, Sherry, Richard Jones, Karlene Ball, John Morris, Michael Marsiske, Sharon Tennstedt, Frederick Unverzagt, and George Rebok. ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2008. ICPSR36036-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-07-29. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36036.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36036.v1

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (U01 AG14282)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    aging population, cognitive functioning, cognitive impairment, eldercare, everyday life, geriatrics, health care, independent living, memory, physical condition

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Metropolitan area

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Detroit, Indiana, Indianapolis, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, State College, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1999--2008

Date of Collection:   

  • 1999--2008

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Americans age 65 years or older living in or near one of six study regions (Baltimore, Birmingham, Boston, Detroit, Indianapolis, or State College) who lived without formal care at the point of entry into the study but who were at risk of losing functional independence

Data Type(s):    observational data, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection is drawn from the tenth year of the ACTIVE study. Please see ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States] for data from previous years.

For analysis, the variable AID can be used to link the 23 datasets in this collection as well as the 43 datasets in ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States].

Some scoring manuals cited in this collection's documentation are not included with this collection. The scoring manuals for similar data collection instruments can be found with ICPSR 4248 ACTIVE, 1999-2001 [United States].

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The scientific goal of the trial was to test the effect of three cognitive training programs on improving both cognitive function and the ability to perform certain daily tasks that rely on mental abilities.

Study Design:    The design for ACTIVE was a randomized control trial. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (1) Memory training; (2) Reasoning training; (3) Speed of Processing training; or (4) no training (control). The interventions occurred in replications, with each replication taking approximately 16-18 weeks. All subjects were assessed at baseline, immediately after the intervention period (post-test), and then at 12-months and 24-months. Booster sessions for each of the three training interventions are conducted within 45 days before the 12-month assessment. Phase II consisted of an assessment at 60 months following completion of training. Phase III consisted of an assessment at 120 months following completion of training. This study provides the data from Phase III activities.

Sample:    The sample consisted of 2,832 persons aged 65 to 94 recruited from 6 metropolitan areas in the United States. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) recruited participants from residents of Jefferson County, Alabama, who were licensed to drive or who possessed nondriver identification cards issued through the Alabama Department of Public Safety, and they recruited from UAB eye clinics. The Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged (HRCA) in Boston, Massachusetts, recruited from congregate and senior housing sites, senior centers, and a registry of volunteers for aging research at the Harvard Cooperative Program on Aging. Indiana University recruited clients of the Community Centers of Indianapolis and through local churches and senior organizations. Johns Hopkins University recruited from senior centers, churches, senior housing, and senior organizations in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area and in Cumberland, Maryland. Pennsylvania State University recruited from the enrollment files of a state-funded pharmaceutical assistance program for low-income elders, called PACE. And Wayne State University recruited from community organizations, churches, and senior housing in metropolitan Detroit, as well as from state of Michigan driver registration lists. The study design also included a no-contact control group.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel

Weight:    The data are not weighted, and no weight variables are present in the collection.

Mode of Data Collection:    cognitive assessment test, face-to-face interview, mail questionnaire, mixed mode, on-site questionnaire, telephone interview

Presence of Common Scales:    CES-D, MMSE, SF-36, TICS

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-07-29

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