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Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey, 1995: [United States] (ICPSR 3595)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey serves as the nation's inventory of daily personal travel. It collects data on daily trips including purpose of the trip, means of transportation used, travel time, vehicle occupancy, driver characteristics, and vehicle attributes. These data are collected for all personal trips, all modes and purposes, all trip lengths, all areas of the country, all days of the week, and all months of the year. Part 1, the Household File, contains data on the relationship between household members and demographic information for household members. The file also contains information on housing characteristics, as well as characteristics of the block group and census tract. Availability and distance to public transportation are also included. Part 2, the Person File, contains information on seat belt use, modes of transportation used for travel to work, and costs for parking. Part 3, the Vehicle File, contains data relating to each of the household's vehicles, including whether a particular household member usually drives the vehicle, when it was purchased, the vehicle type, and model year. Part 4, the Travel Day Trip File, contains data about each trip the person made on the household's randomly assigned travel day. Information was collected on the purpose of the trip, the number of trips within the trip chain, where the trip chain started, and the amount of time spent at each destination. Part 5, the Segmented Travel Day Trip File, contains data for up to four segments of each segmented travel day trip the person made on the travel day. The file contains information on the start time, mode of transportation used, purpose, and duration of each travel segment. Part 6, the Travel Period File, contains data for every trip of at least 75 miles one way that the person took during a 14-day period ending on the travel day. The file contains information on the start date, purpose, and transportation mode used for trip. New for the 1995 survey was a written diary, used to help respondents to better remember their travel on their designated travel day, and a household roster of trips, which was used to assist respondents in recalling trips made with other household members. New questions included satisfaction with the nation's transportation system, reactions to mobility and congestion, perceived difficulties in travel, and use of seat belts.

Series: Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Household File - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
DS2:  Person File - Download All Files (40.4 MB)
DS3:  Vehicle File - Download All Files (16.4 MB)
DS4:  Travel Day Trip File - Download All Files (108.2 MB)
DS5:  Segmented Travel Day Trip File - Download All Files (2.1 MB)
DS6:  Travel Period File - Download All Files (5.5 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey, 1995: [United States]. ICPSR03595-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2004. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03595.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration
  • United States Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics
  • United States Department of Transportation. Federal Transit Administration
  • United States Department of Transportation. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   automobile use, commuting (travel), driving habits, public transportation, traffic, traffic accidents, travel, vehicles

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1995--1996

Date of Collection:  

  • 1995-05--1996-07

Universe:   Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the United States living in households with telephones.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Although data were collected in 1995 and 1996, the study title is Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey, 1995. (2) According to the codebook, there are 176 variables in the Person File, but the Person File contains 177 variables. (3) The user guide is provided by the principal investigator as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.


Sample:   The target sample size of 42,015 includes a representative national sample of all United States households with telephones (21,120) and additional households in the planning areas of two states and three local transportation planning organizations (20,895). Additionally, the sample was stratified by 70 geographic units.

Data Source:

telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB3595.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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