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US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896 (ICPSR 35513)

Principal Investigator(s): Gentzkow, Matthew, University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research; Petek, Nathan, University of Chicago; Shapiro, Jesse, University of Chicago, and National Bureau of Economic Research; Sinkinson, Michael, University of Pennsylvania. The Wharton School

Summary:

The US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896 data collection contains the number and circulation of non-daily newspapers in each of the 11 former Confederate States of America in 1869 and every presidential year between 1872 and 1896, inclusive. The raw data come from two annual directories of US newspapers: George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1869-1876) and N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1896). Variables in this collection include newspaper names, year established, political party affiliation, subscription price, and language.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

Dataset(s)

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Study Description

Citation

Gentzkow, Matthew, Nathan Petek, Jesse Shapiro, and Michael Sinkinson. US Newspapers in the American South, 1869-1896. ICPSR35513-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-12-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35513.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35513.v1

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  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-0617658, SES-0922342)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    historical data, news media, newspaper circulation, newspapers, political affiliation

Smallest Geographic Unit:    city

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia

Time Period:   

  • 1869--1896

Date of Collection:   

  • 2011-08

Unit of Observation:    newspaper

Universe:    Non-daily newspapers in the 11 former Confederate States of America from 1869 to 1896

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

These data supplement the panel of US daily newspapers in ICPSR 30261 entitled "United States Newspaper Panel, 1869-2004."

Methodology

Study Design:    A newspaper was considered to be a non-daily if it circulates fewer than 4 weekdays each week. Each newspaper is associated with a city. An automated script was used to match city names over time, in some cases grouping cities together to ensure a stable geographic concept.

Sample:    George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1860-1876) and N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual (1880-1928)

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    The data is not weighted and there are no weight variables included in the data set.

Mode of Data Collection:    record abstracts

Data Source:

George P. Rowell and Company's (Rowell's) American Newspaper Directory (1869-1876)

N.W. Ayer and Son's (Ayer's) American Newspaper Annual(1880-1896)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2014-12-10

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