Archives of Scientific Psychology

This dataset is made available in connection to an article in Archives of Scientific Psychology, the first open-access, open-methods journal of the American Psychological Association (APA). Archiving and dissemination of this research is part of APA's commitment to collaborative data sharing.

Replication of Bargh and Shalev (2012) Conducted at Michigan State, Fall 2013 - Spring 2014 (ICPSR 35220)

Principal Investigator(s): Donnellan, M. Brent, Michigan State University; Lucas, Richard E., Michigan State University


Bargh and Shalev (2012) hypothesized that experiencing physical coldness will lead individuals to report greater loneliness than if they experienced physical warmth. In their study 2, they conducted an experiment in which they showed that participants who held a cold pack reported higher trait loneliness (as measured by a short form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale; Russell, 1996) than participants in the warm condition. We attempted to replicate this potentially practically important finding in a high-powered study (N = 260). We also assessed the Big Five personality traits to determine if warmth or coldness might lead to changes in self-reported personality traits (particularly agreeableness). Our results showed that holding a hand warmer or cold pack for one minute had no effect on trait loneliness in our study, with an effect size of essentially zero. The effect remained non-significant after excluding participants who reported any suspicion about the connection between the warmth-coldness manipulation and the measure of loneliness. There were also no effects of the cold (vs. warm) packs on personality traits. The question of the potential connection between physical warmth or coldness and loneliness warrants further research before it can be accepted.

Access Notes

  • These data are flagged as replication datasets and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

  • This dataset is part of ICPSR's Archives of Scientific Psychology journal database. Users should contact the Editorial Office at the American Psychological Association for information on requesting data access.


No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


Donnellan, M. Brent, and Richard E. Lucas. Replication of Bargh and Shalev (2012) Conducted at Michigan State, Fall 2013 - Spring 2014. ICPSR35220-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-06-12.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    loneliness, personality

Geographic Coverage:    Michigan, United States

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    College students at a major metropolitan university.

Data Type(s):    experimental data, observational data

Data Collection Notes:

All data and documentation for this collection (in SPSS, Word, and Excel format) are contained in a zipped package.


Sample:    Participants were students participating in a psychology course at Michigan State University. They completed the study for course credit.

Mode of Data Collection:    self-enumerated questionnaire, web-based survey

Presence of Common Scales:    Mini-IPIP-20, UCLA Loneliness Scale


Original ICPSR Release:   2014-06-12


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