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United States Agriculture Data, 1840 - 2012 (ICPSR 35206)

Principal Investigator(s): Haines, Michael, Colgate University; Fishback, Price, University of Arizona; Rhode, Paul, University of Michigan

Summary:

This collection includes county-level data from the United States Censuses of Agriculture for the years 1840 to 2012. The files provide data about the number, types, output, and prices of various agricultural products, as well as information on the amount, expenses, sales, values, and production of machinery. Most of the basic crop output data apply to the previous harvest year. Data collected also included the population and value of livestock, the number of animals slaughtered, and the size, type, and value of farms. Part 46 of this collection contains data from 1980 through 2010. Variables in part 46 include information such as the average value of farmland, number and value of buildings per acre, food services, resident population, composition of households, and unemployment rates.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

  • These data have been updated since their release as https://doi.org/ICPSR35206.v2, which you used to locate the data. If you need access to a previous version of the data (e.g., to replicate results in an article or report), you can contact ICPSR User Support to find out if a prior version is available.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Farm Land Value Data Set (County and State) 1850-1959 - Download All Files (2.821 MB)
Documentation:
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DS2:  1840 County and State - Download All Files (5.697 MB)
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DS3:  1850 County and State - Download All Files (8.45 MB)
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DS4:  1860 County and State - Download All Files (12.553 MB)
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DS5:  1870 County and State - Download All Files (5.508 MB)
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DS6:  1880 County and State - Download All Files (9.27 MB)
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DS7:  1890 County and State - Download All Files (16.839 MB)
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DS8:  1900 County and State - Download All Files (23.086 MB)
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DS9:  1910 County and State - Download All Files (43.99 MB)
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DS10:  1920 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (42.974 MB)
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DS11:  1920 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (61.82 MB)
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DS12:  1925 County and State - Download All Files (57.629 MB)
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DS13:  1930 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (107.715 MB)
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DS14:  1930 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (49.633 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS15:  1935 County and State - Download All Files (35.401 MB)
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DS16:  1940 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (190.193 MB) large file
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS17:  1940 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (27.343 MB)
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DS18:  1940 County and State, Dataset 3 - Download All Files (368.874 MB) large file
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DS19:  1940 County and State, Dataset 4 (Water) - Download All Files (29.499 MB)
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DS20:  1945 County and State - Download All Files (83.052 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS21:  1950 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (162.699 MB) large file
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS22:  1950 County, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (25.423 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS23:  1950 County, Dataset 3 - Download All Files (22.726 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS24:  1950 County and State, Dataset 4 - Download All Files (3.012 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS25:  1954 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (131.227 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS26:  1954 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (31.977 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS27:  1959 County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (187.45 MB) large file
Documentation:
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS28:  1959 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (35.47 MB)
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DS29:  1959 County, Dataset 3 - Download All Files (39.927 MB)
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DS30:  1964 Dataset 1 - Download All Files (203.614 MB) large file
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DS31:  1964 County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (62.852 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS32:  1964 County, Dataset 3 - Download All Files (33.683 MB)
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DS33:  1969 All Farms, County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (56.625 MB)
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DS34:  1969 Farms 2500, County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (93.056 MB)
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DS35:  1969 Crops, County and State, Dataset 3 - Download All Files (69.314 MB)
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DS36:  1974 All Farms, County and State, Dataset 1 - Download All Files (53.647 MB)
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DS37:  1974 Farms 2500, County and State, Dataset 2 - Download All Files (93.482 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS38:  1974 County and State, Dataset 3 (Crops) - Download All Files (67.53 MB)
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DS39:  1978 County and State - Download All Files (276.543 MB) large file
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DS40:  1982 County and State - Download All Files (219.657 MB) large file
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DS41:  1987 County and State - Download All Files (230.018 MB) large file
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DS42:  1992 County and State - Download All Files (293.273 MB) large file
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DS43:  1997 County and State - Download All Files (459.517 MB) large file
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DS44:  2002 County and State - Download All Files (300.462 MB) large file
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DS45:  2007 County and State - Download All Files (337.367 MB) large file
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DS46:  State and County Data, United States, 1980-2010 - Download All Files (1124.424 MB) large file
Documentation:
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DS47:  2012 County and State - Download All Files (339.906 MB) large file
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

Haines, Michael, Price Fishback, and Paul Rhode. United States Agriculture Data, 1840 - 2012. ICPSR35206-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-06-29. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35206.v3

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35206.v3

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (NSF-SES-0921732; 0648045)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health (R01 HD057929)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    agricultural census, agricultural land, agriculture, census, census data, counties, crop income, crop production, crop value, crops, farm families, farms, historical data, livestock, livestock inventories, livestock value, mortgages, nineteenth century, population size, twentieth century, twenty-first century

Smallest Geographic Unit:    FIPS code

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1840--2012

Unit of Observation:    Operating units (farms) except the annual production data, county, state

Universe:    Farms within United States counties and states.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data, census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

This information was obtained from the United States Census Bureau's Web site.

Please note that part 46 of this collection contains very large data files.

The data contain basic information from 1850 to 1950 taken from ICPSR Study #3, "Historical, Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: The United States, 1790-1970." Additionally, data files for years 1840-1900 and 1910, 1920, and the Farm Land Value dataset were taken from ICPSR #2896 "Historical, Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: The United States, 1790-2002."

The size of the datasets resulted in many limitations during processing; therefore this collection has been minimally processed by ICPSR.

Methodology

Sample:    The sample was the universe of agricultural operating units. For 1969-2007, data were taken from computer files from the Census Bureau and the United States Department of Agriculture.

Time Method:    Time Series

Weight:    The data are not weighted.

Data Source:

Data were compiled from published government documents and census information obtained from the United States Census Bureau and the United States Department of Agriculture. Please refer to the ICPSR codebook for complete source information pertaining to each dataset.

Response Rates:    Not applicable

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2014-12-22

Version History:

  • 2016-06-29 The data and documentation for 2012 County and State (data set 47) have been added to this collection. The collection and documentation titles have been updated to reflect the new year.
  • 2015-08-05 The data, setup files, and documentation for 1964 Dataset 1 have been updated to reflect changes from the producer.

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