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Quality of American Life, 1971 (ICPSR 3508)
Principal Investigator(s): Campbell, Angus; Converse, Philip E.; Rodgers, Willard L.
The purpose of this study was to survey Americans about perceived quality of life by measuring perceptions of their socio-psychological condition, their needs and expectations from life, and the degree to which those needs were satisfied. The data were collected via personal interviews from a nationwide probability sample of 2,164 persons 18 years of age and older during the summer of 1971. Closed and open-ended questions were used to probe respondents' satisfactions, dissatisfactions, aspirations, and disappointments in a variety of life domains, such as dwelling/neighborhood, local services (e.g., police, roads, and schools), public transportation, present personal life, life in the United States, education, occupation, job history/expectation, work life, housework, leisure activities, organizational affiliations, religious affiliation, health problems, financial situation, marriage (including widowhood, divorce, and separation), children/family life, and relationships with family and friends. In addition to broad questions about satisfaction with each of these domains and their importance to the respondents, specific sources of gratification and frustration are explored. Other questions focused on life as a whole and the extent to which respondents felt they had control over their lives (e.g., rating of various aspects of life, (dis)satisfaction with life, personal efficacy, and social desirability measures). Personal data include sex, age, race, ethnic background, childhood family stability, military service, and father's occupation and education. Observational data are included on housing and neighborhood characteristics as well as respondents' appearance, intelligence, and sincerity. An instructional subset of this study is also available (see ICPSR INSTRUCTIONAL SUBSET: QUALITY OF AMERICAN LIFE, 1971 [ICPSR 7516], also prepared by Campbell, Converse, and Rodgers.) It includes questions representative of the major areas covered in the original, longer survey. A related dataset, QUALITY OF AMERICAN LIFE, 1978 (ICPSR 7762), continues the survey conducted in 1971.
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Campbell, Angus, Philip E. Converse, and Willard L. Rodgers. Quality of American Life, 1971. ICPSR03508-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03508.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03508.v1
This study was funded by:
- Russell Sage Foundation
- National Science Foundation. Research Applied to National Needs (NSF GI-29904)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: attitudes, dissatisfaction, family life, friendships, happiness, health behavior, home environment, job satisfaction, leisure, life plans, life satisfaction, lifestyles, living conditions, occupational status, optimism, personal adjustment, personal finances, pessimism, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, recreation, social behavior, social life, social networks
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Persons aged 18 years of age or older living within the conterminous United States, exclusive of households on military reservations.
Data Types: observational data, survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The NSF grant supported the analysis of the data and the reinterview of 285 respondents in the spring of 1972. The reinterview data are not distributed by ICPSR.
Sample: A national multistage area probability sampling of 2,164 persons (weighted to 9,561) was used. The 74 sample points, located in 36 states and Washington DC, included the two standard consolidated areas (New York/Northeastern New Jersey and Chicago/Northeastern Indiana), the ten largest SMSAs, and non-SMSAs that were either single counties or county groups. First stage stratification of SMSAs and counties was carried out independently within each of the four major geographical regions -- Northeast, North Central, South, and West -- each of which received representation in proportion to population.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-05-10
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