This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.
Philadelphia Social History Project: Manufacturing Data, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (ICPSR 34967)
Principal Investigator(s): Hershberg, Theodore, University of Pennsylvania
This component of the Philadelphia Social History Project highlights Philadelphia manufacturing industry data collected in census years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Business level data includes company name, type of business, amount of capital, and number of active months per year. Workforce information includes average number of male, female, and child employees, occupations, average wages per month by sex, and total wages per year. Production details for each manufacturing firm consist of type of power used, horsepower, number and types of machines, value and number of materials, and value and number of products. Geographic variables include district, ward, x- and y-coordinates, street name, and street direction.
These data are freely available.
Hershberg, Theodore. Philadelphia Social History Project: Manufacturing Data, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880. ICPSR34967-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-04-14. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34967.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34967.v2
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (MH 16621)
- Institute of Museum and Library Services (LG-05-09-0084-09)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: businesses, companies, economic history, industrial growth, industrial indicators, industry, labor (work), manufacturing industry, occupations, production levels, products, wages and salaries
Smallest Geographic Unit: geocoded street locations
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: business
Universe: Manufacturing firms in the city of Philadelphia, PA during the census years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
Data Types: census/enumeration data
Data Collection Notes:
The deposited files for this collection featured two data files identified as "1860 Cards 5 and 6." These files have been named "1860 Cards 5 and 6 Materials and Products (1)" and "1860 Cards 5 and 6 Materials and Products (2)," and are included as datasets 9 and 10, respectively. No additional information was provided.
Study Purpose: The purpose of the manufacturing component of the Philadelphia Social History Project is to allow researchers to reconstruct the spatial location of employment by industry, as well as the web of relations among manufacturing firms.
Time Method: Cross-sectional
Weight: The data are not weighted.
Mode of Data Collection: record abstracts
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2014-03-20
- 2014-04-14 The ICPSR Codebook has been updated.
- Citations exports are provided above.
Export Study-level metadata (does not include variable-level metadata)
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.