National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Consumer Financial Exploitation of the Elderly in Arizona and Florida, 2010-2011 (ICPSR 34925)

Principal Investigator(s): Holtfreter, Kristy, Arizona State University; Reisig, Michael D., Arizona State University; Mears, Daniel P., Florida State University; Wolfe, Scott E., University of South Carolina

Summary:

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they there received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except of the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompany readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collections and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

The objectives of the study were: (1) To determine the nature, incidence, and prevalence of fraud victimization among elderly consumers in Arizona and Florida; (2) To identify risk and protective factors associated with fraud victimization in this population; and (3) To evaluate the elderly population's awareness and use of state-based programs, including reporting behavior to law enforcement.

The study is comprised of data from telephone surveys of 2,000 aged 60 years and older Arizona (n = 1,000) and Florida (n = 1,000). The survey was obtained via computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) administered by Precision Research in June and July of 2011. Data were collected seven days a week during specific times of the day that had the greatest probability of contacting a respondent. The interviews were primarily conducted in English but a Spanish survey instrument was constructed and used when necessary.

Access Notes

  • These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reason for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

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Study Description

Citation

Holtfreter, Kristy, Michael D. Reisig, Daniel P. Mears, and Scott E. Wolfe. Consumer Financial Exploitation of the Elderly in Arizona and Florida, 2010-2011. ICPSR34925-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-09-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34925.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34925.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2010-IJ-CX-0008)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    consumer protection, elder abuse, exploitation, fraud, victimization

Smallest Geographic Unit:    State

Geographic Coverage:    Arizona, Florida, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2010-06--2011-07

Date of Collection:   

  • 2011-06-27--2011-07-27

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    All individuals aged sixty years and older residing in Arizona and Florida in June and July of 2011 with working telephone numbers.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they there received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except of the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompany readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collections and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The objectives of the study were: (1) To determine the nature, incidence, and prevalence of fraud victimization among elderly consumers in Arizona and Florida; (2) To identify risk and protective factors associated with fraud victimization in this population; and (3) To evaluate the elderly population's awareness and use of state-based programs, including reporting behavior to law enforcement.

Study Design:    The study is comprised of data from telephone surveys of 2,000 respondents aged 60 years and older in Arizona (n = 1,000) and Florida (n = 1,000). The survey was obtained via computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) administered by Precision Research in June and July of 2011. Data were collected seven days a week during specific times of the day that had the greatest probability of contacting a respondent. Specifically, potential respondents were called between 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m. Monday through Friday and between 12:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m. on Saturdays and Sundays. A ten-callback rule was used to contact a respondent. That is, calls that were met with no answer, an answering machine, or a busy signal were loaded backed into the CATI computer system to be called again later. After a maximum of ten callbacks with no eligible respondent talking to an interviewer, the telephone number was replaced by the CATI system. The interviews were primarily conducted in English but a Spanish survey instrument was constructed and used when necessary.

Sample:    The sample was generated using a list-assisted sampling method. Specifically, telephone numbers came from a White Pages database of directory-listed households in Arizona and Florida. The first stage of the sampling process consisted of Precision Research subjecting the directory-list to an extensive validation process to ensure all telephone numbers were currently valid, assigned to the correct area code, and within an appropriated ZIP code. The sample construction process yielded a random digit dial (RDD) sample of all working telephone numbers in Arizona and Florida. During the second stage of sample generation Precision Research interviewers determined whether the randomly dialed number was a working residential household phone number. Non-working numbers, non-residential numbers, and ineligible households were replaced by the RDD process. Only residential households with at least one adult age 60 years or older were included in the sample. The third stage of sample construction consisted of selecting a respondent to take part in the survey. If only one individual 60 years or older was present in the household he or she was designated as the respondent. If the individual speaking with the interviewer indicated that the person 60 years or older was impaired, unavailable, or refused to contact the person the interview ended and a new number was contacted through RDD. In many cases there was more than one individual in a household that was 60 years or older. In these situations the person with the "next birthday" was designated as the respondent. The final stage in the sample construction process consisted of the interviewer administering a cognitive screener to all eligible and willing participants. The final sample include 1000 respondents from Arizona and 1000 respondents from Florida.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    None

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Description of Variables:    The data include 277 variables (n = 2000). Demographic variables include the respondent's year of birth, gender, race, marital status, number of children, number of people the respondent currently lives with and their relationship to the respondent, service in the military, access to a motor vehicle, and description of the respondent's current residence. Survey questions focus broadly on shopping/purchasing fraud, financial fraud and other types of fraud, such as home repairs and health services. Other variables focus on awareness of efforts to increase understanding about such fraud, steps to prevent it and reporting to the police, Better Business Bureau or a government agency. The survey included variables on factors that might contribute to an increased risk of victimization, such has extent of internet usage and if the respondent manages his or her own finances.

Response Rates:    The response rate was 48.4 percent and the completion rate was 82.9 percent.

Presence of Common Scales:    The Six-Item Screener (SIS, Callahan, et. al, 2002) was used as a cognitive screener on all eligible and willing participants.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-09-27

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