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National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR), 2011 (ICPSR 34699)

Principal Investigator(s):


The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) is a series conducted by the Census Bureau for the United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service. This collection contains information regarding fishing, hunting, and other wildlife-associated activities for 2011. The survey is conducted every 5 years and includes 3 waves. Wave 1 is household-based and consists of a screener with the possibility of detailed interviews asking about a person's hunting, fishing or wildlife-watching activities and the likelihood that they will hunt, fish or watch wildlife. Wave 2 and Wave 3 are person-based, detailed interviews in which respondents were selected for the sample based on data collected from the screener in the first wave. The Sportsperson and Wildlife-Watching surveys for wave 2 and 3 gathered specific information about respondents' recreational participation, including species hunted, fished, and watched; the state in which these activities occurred; number of trips taken; days of participation; and expenditures for food, lodging, transportation, and equipment. The questions asked throughout the 3 waves have been organized by topic into 3 datasets. The three datasets, (1) Screening, (2) Sportsperson (Fishing and Hunting), and (3) Wildlife Watching, may contain responses from people surveyed during multiple waves. Demographic variables include sex, age, race, marital status and parental relations, education level, household income, state of residence, and type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural).

Series: National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS1:  Screening - Download All Files (45.9 MB)
DS2:  Sportsperson (Fishing and Hunting) - Download All Files (401.6 MB) large dataset
DS3:  Wildlife Watching - Download All Files (79.8 MB)

Study Description


United States Department of the Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR), 2011. ICPSR34699-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-07-31. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34699.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   fishing, gun ownership, gun use, hunting, outdoor recreation, recreation, recreation equipment, recreation expenses, sports participation, travel, wildlife

Smallest Geographic Unit:   state

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2011-04--2012-05

Date of Collection:  

  • 2011-04--2011-06
  • 2011-09--2011-10
  • 2012-01--2012-05

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Persons 16 years and older residing in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Additional information on the National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) Series can be found at the United States Census Bureau Web site.


Study Purpose:   The purpose of the FHWAR Survey is to gather information on the number of anglers, hunters, and wildlife-watchers in the United States as well as about the activities they participate in, how often they participate, and how much they spend on these activities.

Sample:   Please refer to the "Original P.I. Documentation" section in the ICPSR Codebook for information on sampling.

Time Method:   Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Weight:   The data contain a weight variable for each dataset that should be used when analyzing the data. Please refer to the "Original P.I. Documentation" section in ICPSR Codebook for information on weights.

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2013-08-16 Updating DDI and R files.

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