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Survey of Attitudes of Ecological Society of America (ESA) Members, April 2011 (ICPSR 34684)

Principal Investigator(s): Reiners, Derek, California Polytechnic State University; Lockwood, Jeffrey, University of Wyoming; Reiners, William, University of Wyoming


This survey was conducted to measure the attitudes of Ecological Society of America (ESA) members. Respondents were asked about the type of ecological research they conduct, their methods of research, and their level of satisfaction with their work. Respondents were also questioned about what attributes and values that an ecologist ought to possess and what activities compromise scientific integrity. Finally, respondents were asked whether or not research and participation in public environmental issues can or should be purely objective and value-free. Demographic information includes age, gender, highest academic degree, and nature of employment.

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Study Description


Reiners, Derek, Jeffrey Lockwood, and William Reiners. Survey of Attitudes of Ecological Society of America (ESA) Members, April 2011. ICPSR34684-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-07-02. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34684.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34684.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    activism, environment, environmental attitudes, environmental impact, environmental policy, moral judgement, scientific research

Smallest Geographic Unit:    country

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2011-04

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Non-student, Ecological Society of America (ESA) members with United States email addresses.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The sample frame was a comprehensive list of 6,083 non-student ESA members with US-based email addresses. The survey was sent to the entire list.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Mode of Data Collection:    web-based survey

Response Rates:    21 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2013-07-02



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