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Principal Investigator(s): Kennedy, Craig, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Nyiri, Zsolt, German Marshall Fund of the United States; Isernia, Pierangelo, University of Siena (Italy); Everts, Philip, Leiden University (Netherlands); Eichenberg, Richard, Tufts University
The aim of this survey was to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 13 European countries towards foreign policy and transatlantic issues. This survey concentrated on issues such as: United States and European Union (EU) leadership and relations, international relations, assessment of the current United States President on various issues such as the United States economy and combating international terrorism, and respondents' view of countries such as the United States, China, Russia, Brazil, and Japan. Respondents were also asked whether NATO was still essential, if they agreed with NATO's assertion that countries should maintain or increase defense spending, if the European Union and United States had enough common interests to cooperate on international issues and whether their relationship should become closer or be more independent, and if their own government should increase or decrease spending for defense. Respondents were also questioned on whether they were optimistic or pessimistic on issues such as stabilizing the situations in Afghanistan and Libya, their level of concern over Iran possibly developing nuclear weapons, and how to put an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Respondents were further queried about the role of the European Union and the United States in establishing democracy in other nations, whether they approved of their own country intervening to establish democracy in other nations, what countries were of most importance to their own nation's interests, the rise of China as a world power, the prospect of Turkey's membership in the European Union and possible consequences stemming from their joining, the state of the euro, and how much authority the EU should exercise over member nations. Lastly, respondents were asked how they were personally affected by the economic crisis, the importance of economic versus military power, their voting intentions in national elections, and how closely they followed world affairs. Demographic and other background information includes age, gender, political affiliation and partisanship, religion, race, age when finished full-time education and stage at which full-time education completed, occupation, type of phone line, household composition, type of locality, and region of residence.
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Kennedy, Craig, Zsolt Nyiri, Pierangelo Isernia, Philip Everts, and Richard Eichenberg. Transatlantic Trends Survey, 2011. ICPSR34422-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-12-10. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34422.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34422.v1
This study was funded by:
- German Marshall Fund of the United States
- Compagnia di San Paolo (Italy)
- Fundacao Luso-Americana (Portugal)
- Fundacion BBVA (Spain)
- Tipping Point Foundation (Bulgaria)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: Afghanistan War, Arab Israeli conflict, authority, democracy, economic aid, economic crises, economic sanctions, elections, euro, European unification, European Union, foreign policy, government performance, government spending, international conflict, international cooperation, international relations, leadership, Middle East, military intervention, military strength, national defense, national politics, national security, NATO, nuclear weapons, Obama, Barack, political affiliation, political partisanship, public opinion, religious affiliation, religious behavior, revolutions, social attitudes, terrorism, voter attitudes, voting behavior, war
Smallest Geographic Unit: country
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: The adult population aged 18 years and over with access to landline telephone in 14 countries: Germany, France, United Kingdom, Italy, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Slovakia, Sweden, Turkey, United States, Romania, Bulgaria. In the United States, Italy, Spain and Portugal, adults with mobile phones were also surveyed.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion -- Brussels, on request of the German Marshall Fund of the United States.
The codebook and setup files for this collection contain characters with diacritical marks used in many European languages.
Indirect Identifiers: To protect respondent anonymity and prevent disclosure risk, the time of interview variables P2A_1, P2A_2, P2B_1, and P2B_2 have been dropped from the public-use data.
A split ballot was used for one or more questions in this survey. For questions Q12a and Q12b, SPLIT1 defines the separate groups, for question Q25, SPLIT2 defines the separate groups, and for questions Q26a and Q26b, SPLIT3 defines the separate groups.
Additional information on the Transatlantic Trends Survey is provided on the Transatlantic Trends Web site.
Sample: Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (except in Poland, Slovakia, Turkey, Bulgaria, and Romania where face-to-face interviews were conducted due to the low telephone penetration rate in these five countries). The basic sample design applied in all states is multi-stage random (probability). In each household, the respondent was drawn at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). Up to 5 call-backs for telephone interviews and 4 visits in total for face-to-face interviews were attempted before dropping a potential respondent. Twenty percent of the sample in the United States, Italy, Spain and Portugal was contacted through mobile phone instead of landline. Only fixed telephone lines are included in the other cases.
Weight: Please refer to the "Technical Information" section in the Original P.I. Codebook for further information about weighting.
Mode of Data Collection: computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI), face-to-face interview
Response Rates: The total response rate for all countries surveyed is 7 percent. Please refer to the "Technical Information" section in the Original P.I. Codebook for additional information about response rate.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2012-12-10
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