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Principal Investigator(s): Klarner, Carl, Indiana State University; Berry, William, Florida State University; Carsey, Thomas, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill; Jewell, Malcolm, University of Kentucky; Niemi, Richard, University of Rochester; Powell, Lynda, University of Rochester; Snyder, James, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
This data set contains comprehensive information on state legislative general election returns from 1967 through 2010. Each of the more than 300,000 observations refers to an individual candidate who ran for state legislative office. Variables include district designations, year and month of election, type of district (multimember, etc.), and candidate attributes such as incumbency status, party and vote total. The data come from five sources, three of which are ICPSR data collections (#8907, #3938, #21480); this data set is an update of these previous releases, through 2010.
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Klarner, Carl, William Berry, Thomas Carsey, Malcolm Jewell, Richard Niemi, Lynda Powell, and James Snyder. State Legislative Election Returns (1967-2010). ICPSR34297-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-01-11. doi:10.3886/ICPSR34297.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34297.v1
This survey was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (NSF Grant # SES-0136526)
- Indiana State University. Department of Political Science
- Indiana State University Research Committee (NSF Grant # SES-0317924)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: candidates, constituencies, counties, election returns, historical data, performance, political history, political parties, political power, primaries, special elections, state elections, state legislatures, state politics, vote count, voting patterns
Smallest Geographic Unit: state legislative district
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: A candidate in a state legislative election. (The unit of analysis is the candidate-party. Sometimes a candidate will run on two or more party labels (such as in New York where "fusing" is allowed), and separate vote totals are reported for each of the candidate's party lines.)
Universe: State legislative elections in the United States from 1967 to 2010.
Data Types: administrative records data, aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
Please refer to these related data collections: STATE LEGISLATIVE ELECTION RETURNS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1968-1989 (ICPSR 8907); REVISED CANDIDATE-LEVEL STATE LEGISLATIVE RETURNS IN THE UNITED STATES WITH ADJUSTED CANDIDATE NAMES, 1968-1989 (ICPSR 3938); STATE LEGISLATIVE ELECTION RETURNS, 1967-2003 (ICPSR 21480).
Please contact Carl Klarner (Carl.Klarner@indstate.edu) directly regarding any issues with this data collection, and/or use of this data in a publication.
The data were produced in Terre Haute, Indiana, by Indiana State University.
Sample: Comprehensive sample, i.e., all elements of the population were included as observations in the sample.
You can find more information via the sample characteristics utility:
The data comes from five sources. The data from 1967 through 1989 comes from ICPSR study 8907 (directed by Malcolm Jewell), as updated by William Berry and Thomas Carsey in ICPSR study 3938. Most of the observations from 1990 through 2000 were provided by Richard Niemi, Lynda Powell, and James Snyder. A portion of the 2000 data and data for 2001 to 2003 were entered by research assistants working for Carsey and Berry. Data for 2004 to 2006 was provided by Carl Klarner, Richard Niemi and Lynda Powell, and data for 2007 to 2010 was collected from state Web sites by Carl Klarner. Improvements and corrections for all years were made by Carl Klarner in 2010-2011. Please refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook for more information.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2013-01-11
- Citations exports are provided above.
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