This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Women Coping in Prison at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women in Virginia, 1999-2000 (ICPSR 3354)
Principal Investigator(s): Warren, Janet I., University of Virginia. Institute of Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy
This study contributed to the growing interest in mental illness and impairment among incarcerated individuals. It focused on the larger spectrum of psychopathology that characterized the general, nonhospitalized population at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women in Virginia. Part 1 consists of clinical data obtained through several questionnaires completed by a sample of 812 inmates between April 1999 and January 2000. Parts 2 through 4 consist of additional clinical data on subsamples of the Part 1 sample that were obtained between June 1999 and July 2000 through interviews and self-enumerated questionnaires. Part 5 contains data on inmate behavior and attitudes obtained through questionnaires completed by correctional officers.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.
Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
These data are available to the general public.
Warren, Janet I. WOMEN COPING IN PRISON AT THE FLUVANNA CORRECTIONAL CENTER FOR WOMEN IN VIRGINIA, 1999-2000. ICPSR version. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia [producer], 2001. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium of Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03354.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR03354.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (98-CE-VX-0027)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: criminality prediction, female inmates, inmate attitudes, inmate populations, mental disorders, mental health, offender profiles, prison adjustment, psychological evaluation, victimization, violent behavior
Smallest Geographic Unit: none
Geographic Coverage: United States, Virginia
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individuals
Universe: Inmates at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women between April 1999 and July 2000.
Data Types: clinical data, survey data, and administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
The user guide, codebook, and data collection instrument are provided by ICPSR in a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems, Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Study Purpose: This study contributed to the growing interest in mental illness and impairment among incarcerated individuals. It focused on the larger spectrum of psychopathology that characterized the general, nonhospitalized population at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for Women in Virginia. The study was guided by three primary goals: (1) to explore the psychiatric symptoms, childhood and adult victimizations, and personality disorders that characterize a female prison population, (2) to explore the impact of these experiences and conditions on institutional adjustment and to validate the Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ), an instrument developed for use with men, on a female sample, and (3) to explore the relationship of these psychiatric conditions and past experiences to the violence perpetrated by female inmates in the prison and in the community.
Study Design: The data in Part 1, Stage One Data, involved a prison-wide screening of 802 inmates between April 1999 and January 2000. Inmates were approached by a member of the research staff, who was accompanied by a correctional officer. The staff member described the purpose of the research, and inmates were invited to complete several self-enumerated questionnaires in the prison's educational center. They were informed that the instruments could be read to anyone who preferred that mode of administration. The questionnaires included a one-page demographic summary, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), a measure of mental health symptom status, the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV) Personality Disorders Personality Screening Questionnaire (SCID II PQ), used to identify women with indices of Cluster B psychopathology who could be included in Stage Two of the study, the Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ), a questionnaire specifically designed for use with incarcerated populations that measures institutional functioning, the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), the Prison Violence Inventory (PVI), an instrument designed for this study and used to assess whether participants were victims or perpetrators of violent acts since being incarcerated, the Victimization During Childhood and Before Incarceration Questionnaire (Vic-I), and the Parenting Stress and Attachment Questionnaire, an instrument designed for this study. Part 1 also includes data on criminal and institutional history that were obtained from the Virginia Department of Corrections. Part 2, SCID II Data (Stage Two), contains data on a 261-inmate subsample of the Part 1 sample. This subsample was administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID II), a semi-structured interview, between June 1999 and July 2000. The interviews were used to determine whether the inmates could be diagnosed with any of the ten DSM-IV personality disorders. A number of training sessions were held with the SCID II interviewers, which involved mock interviews and double-coding of ten inmate interviews by each interviewer. The presence of personality pathology was calculated using both dichotomous and continuous scores. The continuous scores reflected the number of criteria met for each disorder, and the diagnostic cut-off followed the traditional DSM-IV diagnostic procedures. Part 3, Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and HCR-20: Assessing Risk of Violence Data (Stage Two), contains data from a second interview with 119 members of the Part 2 subsample. Inmates who were administered the SCID II interview were contacted some months later and asked to participate in this interview, which included the PCL-R and the HCR-20. Extensive training was conducted with the interviewers on these instruments. Each interviewer coded eight taped interviews and double-coded an additional five interviews. Prior to each interview, interviewers reviewed a comprehensive file summary that was compiled by other members of the research team. Part 4, Personal Support Questionnaire Data (Stage Two), contains data on a 216-inmate subsample of the Part 1 sample. This subsample was administered the Personal Support Questionnaire, which gauged the amount of social support inmates were receiving, the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), and the Beck Depression Index (BDI), and the PAQ was readministered. Part 5, Correctional Officer Data, consists of data on the behavior and attitudes of a 389-inmate subsample of the Part 1 sample. These data were collected through surveys of correctional officers between May and July 2000.
Sample: Members of the subsample in Part 2, SCID II Data (Stage Two), were selected using scores on the SCID II Screen and BSI from Part 1, Stage One Data. To be included in this subsample, inmates had to be nonpsychotic. The subsample included an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group included randomly selected women whose SCID II PQ scores suggested a Cluster B personality disorder diagnosis: antisocial, histrionic, or narcissistic. The control group was designed to contain at least 50 nonpsychotic women who did not meet criteria for a Cluster B diagnosis.
Clinical and survey data were collected through inmate interviews and self-enumerated questionnaires completed by inmates and correctional officers. Administrative records data were obtained from the Virginia Department of Corrections.
Description of Variables: Part 1, Stage One Data, demographic variables include age, race, number of times married, current marital status, number of children, last year of education completed, living arrangements before incarceration, and whether the respondent had been incarcerated before. Other variables include answers to the 53 items on the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and BSI scales for somatization, obsessive-compulsive disorder, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoid ideation, and psychoticism, answers to the 119 items on the SCID II PQ, number of criteria respondents met for different personality disorders on the SCID II PQ (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic, avoidant, dependent, and obsessive-compulsive), whether respondents could be diagnosed with any of these personality disorders, answers to the 22 items on the Prison Violence Inventory (PVI) and scores based on those responses, answers to the 11 questions on the Victimization Inventory (Vic-I) and scores based on those responses, answers to the 30 items on the Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ) and scores for internal, external, physical, distress, and conflict scales and other variables derived from PAQ responses, answers to the 30 items on the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and scores for nonplanning, motor, and cognitive scales. Other Part 1 variables are institutional misconduct, date of entering Fluvanna, date of first conviction, time served, type of convictions, and sentence length. Part 2, SCID II Data (Stage Two), variables include whether the inmate was part of the experiment or control group, results for each item in the interview in both dichotomous and continuous variables, and whether the inmate met the criteria for any personality disorders. Part 3, PCL-R and HCR-20 Data (Stage Two), variables include all of the variables in Part 2 (but only for the subsample covered by Part 3) and seven variables that provide scores for the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and the HCR-20: Assessing Risk of Violence. Part 4, Personal Support Questionnaire Data (Stage Two), variables include answers to items on the Personal Support Questionnaire, answers to STAXI items, answers to BDI items, answers to PAQ items, scores for the STAXI, BDI, and PAQ, and inmate demographic information. Part 5, Correctional Officers Data, variables include inmate demographic information, answers to items rating adjustment of inmates to prison, problems with inmates' personal characteristics, behavior toward other inmates, and behavior toward staff, and answers to 90 items relating to inmates' general behavior and attitudes.
Response Rates: Not available.
Presence of Common Scales: Scales include Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS), Beck Depression Index (BDI), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), HCR-20: Assessing Risk of Violence (Version 2), Parenting Stress and Attachment Questionnaire, Prison Adjustment Questionnaire (PAQ), Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID-II), SCID-II Personality Questionnaire, Victimization During Childhood and Before Incarceration (Vic-I), and Violence and Aggression During Incarceration Questionnaire (PVI).
Original ICPSR Release: 2003-12-11
- 2006-03-30 File UG3354.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- 2006-03-30 File CQ3354.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
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