Education Research Data Sharing Initiative

This study is maintained and distributed by The Education Research Data Sharing Initiative: an AERA-ICPSR Partnership, a project funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).

High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States] (ICPSR 32661)

Principal Investigator(s): Warren, John Robert, University of Minnesota


Research on the correlates and consequences of state high school exit examinations (HSEEs) requires annual state-level data. This dataset contains information on every year in which a state mandated HSEEs as part of their general graduation requirements. Archival data on each states' HSEE policy was collected in order to (1) test hypotheses about the factors that have lead to the diffusion of state HSEEs over time and across states, and (2) test hypotheses about the impact of state HSEEs on student academic achievement and high school graduation rates. These variables were derived from a variety of primary source materials, including public records, legal archival resources, newspaper reports, and communications with officials in state education agencies. In order to make these materials available to future users, a separate linked data file was created that (1) provides a full bibliographic reference for each piece of source material, (2) gives the three-digit unique identifier that is associated with it, and (3) provides the name of the file that houses the actual document. The data describe not only which graduating classes in which states faced these requirements, but also the level of difficulty of the HSEEs. The data cover graduating classes between the years 1977 and 2007. For data on more recent graduating classes, please see the annual reports on HSEEs issued by the Center on Education Policy.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  High School Exit Examinations Main data file - Download All Files (71.08 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
Analyze Online:
DS2:  High School Exit Examinations Link data sources file - Download All Files (68.947 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
Analyze Online:

Study Description


Warren, John Robert. High School Exit Examinations (HSEE), 1977-2007 [United States]. ICPSR32661-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-12-01.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (0452941)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    educational assessment, educational testing, high school graduates, high school students

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1977--2007

Unit of Observation:    state-years

Universe:    All state-years between 1977 and 2007.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

The following years are included in the data, but have few cases: 1976, 2008, 2009, and 2010.


Study Purpose:    Collect annual state-level data on which graduating classes in which states faced HSEEs as part of general graduation requirements.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Cohort/ Event-based

Data Source:

public records

legal archival resources

newspaper reports

communications with officials in state education agencies

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2011-12-01

Version History:

  • 2012-12-21 Document covers have been updated.

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