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Carnegie Middle East Governance and Islam Dataset, 1988-2011 (ICPSR 32302)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Carnegie Middle East Governance and Islam Dataset includes both individual-level and country-level variables. Data on individual-level variables are drawn from 44 surveys carried out in 13 Arab countries, Turkey, and Iran. Taken together, a total of 67,680 men and women were surveyed. Almost all of the surveys involved face-to-face interviews. Most of the surveys were carried out either as the first and second wave of the Arab Barometer, the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth waves of the World Values Survey, or a project on attitudes related to governance carried out by Mark Tessler with funding from the National Science Foundation. The dataset also includes 4 earlier surveys, as well as variables based on 34 time-specific country-level characteristics, for example, Freedom House political freedom ratings; labor force attributes compiled by the World Bank, the United Nations and others; natural resource rents, also compiled by the World Bank; ratings on the United Nations Human Development Index; freedom of religion indices developed by the United States Department of State; and linguistic, ethnic and religious fractionalization indices compiled in a private research project. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, employment status, marital status, religion, and income.

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Study Description


Tessler, Mark. Carnegie Middle East Governance and Islam Dataset, 1988-2011. ICPSR32302-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-08-28. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32302.v3

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This study was funded by:

  • Carnegie Corporation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   cultural identity, democracy, employment, ethnic identity, family relations, government performance, Islam, Islamic law, marital status, neighbors, personal finances, political behavior, political interest, political participation, political systems, politicians, politics, public opinion, religion, religious behavior, religious leaders, trust in government, voting behavior, womens rights

Smallest Geographic Unit:   country

Geographic Coverage:   Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Global, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Middle East, Morocco, North Africa, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen

Time Period:  

  • 1988--2011

Date of Collection:  

  • 1988--2011

Unit of Observation:   individual, country

Universe:   Data for individual-level variables are drawn from 13 Arab countries (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Yemen), Turkey, and Iran. For information regarding country-level variables, users should refer to the Original P.I. Documentation section within the ICPSR Codebook.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Information about the Carnegie Middle East Governance and Islam Dataset, 1988-2011 can be found by visiting the Arab Barometer Web site and the World Values Survey Web site. For additional project-related Web sites, please see the "Survey Methodology Information" section of the Original P.I. Documentation, located within the ICPSR Codebook.

Funded through the "Carnegie Scholar Award" to Mark Tessler through the Islamic Scholar Program of the Carnegie Corporation of New York.


Sample:   The dataset includes individual-level and country-level variables. Individual-level variable data are drawn from 44 surveys carried out in 13 Arab countries, Turkey, and Iran. Taken together, a total of 67,680 men and women were surveyed. For additional information, please refer to the Introductory Overview and Survey Methodology Information sections of the Original P.I. Documentation, located within the ICPSR Codebook.

Time Method:   Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Kind of Data:   quantitative

Weight:   The data are not weighted.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2014-08-28 The second wave of the Arab Barometer has been added to this dataset; the update includes data from Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon for the year 2010, and data from Algeria, Yemen, Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Tunisia for the year 2011. The number of surveys that were merged into one data file has changed from 34 to 44, and the total number of respondents has increased from 54,894 to 67,680. Additionally, several variable names have changed since the last release, and a number of new variables have been added to the dataset.
  • 2013-02-04 Value labels for the variable M21 have been corrected in the data collection.
  • 2013-01-10 The Arab-Barometer Kuwait Survey from 2006 has been removed from this dataset. As a result, the number of surveys that were merged into one data file was changed from 35 to 34 by the P.I., which also changed the total number of respondents from 56,178 to 54,894.

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