National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Evaluation of the Community Supervision Mapping System for Released Prisoners in Rhode Island, 2008-2010 (ICPSR 32004)

Principal Investigator(s): Lucht, Jim, Providence Plan; La Vigne, Nancy G., Urban Institute

Summary:

This study evaluated the Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS), an online geospatial tool that enables users to map the formerly incarcerated and others on probation, along with related data such as service provider locations and police districts. Probation officers in the state of Rhode Island were surveyed a few weeks before and 18 months after the implementation of CSMS. A total of 56 probation officers participated in the first wave of the study (pre-implementation survey), and 52 probation officers participated in the second wave (post-implementation survey), yielding an overall sample size of 108 probation officers. Dataset 1 contains the data for both waves of the study. The dataset is comprised of 140 variables. Both waves of the study examined the following categories of variables: the probation officer's professional background, contact with clients, amount of time spent on job duties specific to the profession, contact with other agencies, and computer usage. The second wave added 86 variables to explore officers' experiences with CSMS, which features they used, how it impacted their work, and their expected use of CSMS in the future.

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

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Study Description

Citation

Lucht, Jim, and Nancy G. La Vigne. Evaluation of the Community Supervision Mapping System for Released Prisoners in Rhode Island, 2008-2010. ICPSR32004-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-09-30. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32004.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32004.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2007-IJ-CX-K021)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    case management, computer aided mapping, computer software, correctional system, criminal justice programs, geographic information systems, mapping, parole services, parolees, prisoner reentry, probation services, probationers, records, records management, sex offenders, spatial data

Smallest Geographic Unit:    None

Geographic Coverage:    Rhode Island, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2008--2010

Date of Collection:   

  • 2008 (Pre-Implementation Survey)
  • 2010 (Post-Implementation Survey)

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Probation officers and supervisors in the state of Rhode Island

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

As part of this study, the evaluation team obtained measures of users' perceptions of the Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS) project through two methods: survey data from probation officers throughout Rhode Island and focus groups with probation officers and detectives. Only the probation officer survey data are available as part of this data collection at this time.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS), an online geospatial tool that enables users to map the formerly incarcerated and others on probation, along with related data such as service provider locations and police districts. To understand how probation officers use and could potentially benefit from CSMS, probation officers in the state of Rhode Island were surveyed a few weeks before and 18 months after the implementation of CSMS.

Study Design:   

Probation officers were surveyed a few weeks before and 18 months after the implementation of the Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS). The baseline survey (pre-implementation wave) was designed to collect information on officers' daily work, their caseloads and interactions with clients, contacts with service providers and law enforcement, and their experiences with technology. The second survey (post-implementation wave) asked the same set of baseline questions along with additional questions about their experiences with CSMS, which features they used, how it impacted their work, and their expected use of CSMS in the future.

The pre-implementation survey was first administered to a pilot group of ten probation officers in the Rhode Island Department of Probation; of those ten officers, nine returned the survey. Based on the results of the pilot survey, a slightly modified online version of the survey was created using the CheckBox online survey tool. From mid-June to late-July 2008, 47 Rhode Island probation officers successfully completed the online survey, generating a sample size of 56 probation officers who completed either the pilot survey or online version for the first wave of the survey.

For the second wave of surveys, the evaluation team e-mailed invitations to 67 probation officers using Checkbox (version 4.5). There was initially a low response rate within the period immediately following the e-mail invitation that Urban Institute staff sent, which briefly explained the study and assured prospective respondents that the survey was voluntary and confidential. The evaluation team asked the Rhode Island Department of Corrections champion, a probation supervisor, for suggestions, and the probation administrators agreed to send out an encouraging e-mail to all officers to explain that Urban Institute is a legitimate institution and to reiterate why the survey would be beneficial. The Urban Institute sent weekly reminder messages over a three-month period (ending January 2010), and potential respondents were also offered the option of faxing or e-mailing their completed surveys to the research team. A total of 52 probation officers completed the post-implementation survey.

Sample:    The survey was first administered to a pilot group of ten probation officers in the Rhode Island Department of Probation; of those ten officers, nine returned the survey. Based on the results of the pilot survey, a slightly modified online version of the survey was created using the CheckBox online survey tool. From mid-June to late-July 2008, the evaluation team e-mailed invitations to 64 Rhode Island probation officers requesting that they complete the survey. Of those 64 respondents, 7 were later excluded due to changes in their job duties. Two additional respondents were excluded because they had completed a training session for the mapping application prior to participating in the survey. Overall, 47 individuals successfully completed the online survey, generating a sample size of 56 probation officers who completed either the pilot survey or online version for the first wave of the survey. For the second wave of surveys, invitations were e-mailed to 67 probation officers using Checkbox. The final sample size for the second survey was 52 probation officers. Dataset 1 contains the data for both waves of the study; the overall sample size is 108 probation officers.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Cohort/ Event-based

Weight:    None.

Mode of Data Collection:    web-based survey

Data Source:

Pre-implementation survey of Rhode Island Probation Officers

Post-implementation survey of Rhode Island Probation Officers

Description of Variables:    The dataset contains a total of 140 variables, comprised of 8 variables describing the probation officer's professional background (e.g., job title, number of years as a professional), 15 variables describing contact with clients (e.g., size of caseload, number of clients that the probation officer talks with on the phone or in the office in a typical week, percentage of clients that the probation officer has contact with once per week/twice per week/etc.), 23 variables describing the amount of time that the probation officer spends on job duties specific to the profession (e.g., number of hours spent communicating with clients or communicating with service providers or providing court coverage, etc.), 3 variables describing the probation officer's contact with other agencies (e.g., number of referrals given or service providers contacted over the past month), 3 variables describing the probation officer's computer usage (e.g., how often he/she uses the computer or a computerized mapping program), and 86 variables describing the probation officer's impressions of the Community Supervision Mapping System (CSMS) mapping tool and his/her experience with using it for work-related purposes (e.g., actual features used, opinion of user-friendliness, opinions of the tool's usefulness for work-related tasks, problems or challenges encountered, opinions of factors that would encourage more use of the tool, etc.).

Response Rates:    Pre-implementation survey wave: 87.5 percent; Post-implementation survey wave: 77.6 percent

Presence of Common Scales:    Several Likert-type scales were used.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2014-09-30

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