National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program

This study is maintained and distributed by the National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program (NAHDAP). NAHDAP is supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Transitional Care Management (TCM), Increasing Aftercare Participation for Parolees, 2004-2008 [United States] (ICPSR 31621)

Principal Investigator(s):


In an effort to increase participation in community aftercare treatment for substance-abusing offenders who have paroled from prison, the Transitional Case Management (TCM) intervention tested a model of strengths-based case management consisting of (1) completion by the inmate of a strengths and goals assessment as part of discharge planning, (2) a telephone conference call that included the inmate and people central to the inmate's aftercare plan (including the parole officer), and (3) strengths case management for 12 weeks in the community to promote treatment participation and increase the client's access to needed services. (For a more detailed description, see Prendergast Law and Cartier, 2008). With four CJ-DATS Research Centers participating, the study randomized 812 prison treatment clients to the Transitional Case Management condition or to the Standard Referral condition. Detailed assessments occurred at baseline and at three and nine months following release to parole. Data from treatment and criminal justice records, including costs, were also collected. Treatment and criminal justice staff completed surveys on agency collaboration and cooperation. Respondents were asked questions regarding the barriers to treatment/recovery, education/job training, relationships, finance, living arrangement/housing, health and documentation. They were also asked question related to whether they needed or received certain services. Other variables included socio-demographic and family background, peer relation and criminal history, health and psychological status, drug and treatment history.

Series: Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  TCM Recruitment - Download All Files (1.2 MB)
DS2:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery A - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS3:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery B - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS4:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery C - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS5:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery D - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS6:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery E - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS7:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery F - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS8:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery G - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS9:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery H - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS10:  TCM Barriers to Treatment/Recovery I - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS11:  Brief Symptom Inventory - Download All Files (2.3 MB)
DS12:  CJ DATS Intake - Download All Files (12.7 MB)
DS13:  Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS14:  Progress Evaluation Scale Client Rating - Download All Files (2.1 MB)
DS15:  TCM Services Needed/Received 3 Months - Download All Files (2.7 MB)
DS16:  CJ DATS Services Needed/Received 3-Month -- Part B - Download All Files (6.1 MB)
DS17:  CJ DATS TCM Services Needed/Received 9-Month - Download All Files (2.7 MB)
DS18:  CJ DATS Services Needed/Received 9-Month -- Part B - Download All Files (5.9 MB)
DS19:  Strengths Model Assessment - Download All Files (1.7 MB)
DS20:  System Impact Questionnaire - Download All Files (1.9 MB)
DS21:  TCM Case Management Checklist A - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS22:  TCM Case Management Checklist B - Download All Files (1.7 MB)
DS23:  TCM Case Management Checklist C - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS24:  TCM Case Management Checklist D - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS25:  TCM Case Management Checklist E - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS26:  TCM Case Management Checklist F - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS27:  TCM Case Management Checklist G - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS28:  TCM Case Management Checklist H - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS29:  TCM Case Management Checklist I - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS30:  TCM Case Management Checklist J - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS31:  TCM Case Management Checklist K - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS32:  TCM Case Management Checklist L - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS33:  TCM Case Management Checklist M - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS34:  TCM Case Management Checklist N - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
DS35:  TCM Case Management Checklist O - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS36:  TCM Case Management Checklist P - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS37:  TCM Case Management Checklist Q - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
DS38:  TCM Individual Services Record - Download All Files (9.2 MB)
DS39:  Client Evaluation of Self at Intake - Download All Files (4.5 MB)
DS40:  TCU Drug Screen II - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS41:  Urine Drug Tests - Download All Files (1.9 MB)
DS42:  URN Randomization Form - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS43:  Working Alliance Inventory - Download All Files (1.6 MB)
DS44:  TCM 3-Month Follow-Up - Download All Files (9.3 MB)
DS45:  TCM 9-Month Follow-Up - Download All Files (9 MB)
DS46:  TCM Client Evaluation of Self at Intake -- 9 Month FU - Download All Files (3.8 MB)

Study Description


Prendergast, Michael . Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Transitional Care Management (TCM), Increasing Aftercare Participation for Parolees, 2004-2008 [United States]. ICPSR31621-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research[distributor], 2014-03-14.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • University of California-Los Angeles
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   case management, communities, criminal histories, drug related crimes, education, employment, financial support, health, intervention, juveniles, mental health, offenders, offenses, substance abuse, treatment outcome, treatment programs

Geographic Coverage:   California, Connecticut, Hartford, Kentucky, Lexington, Los Angeles, New York (state), New York City, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2004-11--2008-05

Date of Collection:  

  • 2007-03
  • 2005-01--2007-12

Universe:   All the Adult felony offenders ages 18 years or older in the correctional institutions who have an identified substance abuse problem, who are enrolled in an institutional treatment program, who have a referral to a community treatment program following release, and who will be paroling to an urban area.

Data Types:   experimental data

Data Collection Notes:

Collaborating Research Centers:

Central States Research Center: University of Kentucky, Carl Leukefeld, Michele Staton-Tindall and Jennifer Havens

Connecticut Research Center: Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services, Linda Frisman, Eleni Rodis

Rocky Mountains Research Center: National Development and Research Institutes, Harry Wexler, JoAnn Sacks and Carrie Coen

National Institute on Drug Abuse: Collaborative Scientist, Bennett Fletcher


Study Design:   Study participants in four states were inmates who had a referral to community substance abuse treatment and were recruited in prison or other confined correctional setting. After informed consent and a baseline interview, they were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: (1) the Transitional Case Management (TCM) condition and (2) the Standard Referral (SR) condition. Detailed assessments occurred at baseline and at three and nine months following release to parole. Data from treatment and criminal justice records, including costs, were also collected. Treatment and criminal justice staff completed surveys on agency collaboration and cooperation.

Sample:   Recruitment of 812 participants was completed in March 2007, with 411 randomly assigned to the TCM group and 401 to the SR group (one SR participant inadvertently received TCM services). Twenty-five percent of the participants were women, allowing for analysis of gender differences. Case management services were provided from January 2005 through December 2007. Of the recruited sample, 47 participants (25 TCM; 22 SR) were either not released from prison in time to participate in community services or paroled to a county or state where TCM services were not available. Follow-up interviews were not conducted with these participants, but their criminal justice records were obtained. The follow-up interview rate was 90 percent at 3 months and 89 percent at 9 months. The TCM and the SR groups were comparable at baseline and follow-up on demographic, drug use, and crime variables.

Mode of Data Collection:   on-site questionnaire

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2014-03-14 A revised manual has replaced the one previously released.

Related Publications ?



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.