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Principal Investigator(s): Smith, Tom W., National Opinion Research Center; Marsden, Peter V., National Opinion Research Center; Hout, Michael, National Opinion Research Center
The General Social Surveys (GSS) were designed as part of a data diffusion project in 1972. The GSS replicated questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. The latest survey, GSS 2010, includes a cumulative file that merges all 28 General Social Surveys into a single file containing data from 1972 to 2010. The items appearing in the surveys are one of three types: Permanent questions that occur on each survey, rotating questions that appear on two out of every three surveys (1973, 1974, and 1976, or 1973, 1975, and 1976), and a few occasional questions such as split ballot experiments that occur in a single survey. The 2010 surveys included four topic modules: quality of working life, science, shared capitalism, and CDC high risk behaviors. The International Social Survey Program (ISSP) module included in the 2010 survey was environment. The data also contain several variables describing the demographic characteristics of the respondents.
Series: General Social Survey Series
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Smith, Tom W., Peter V. Marsden, and Michael Hout. General Social Survey, 1972-2010 [Cumulative File]. ICPSR31521-v1. Storrs, CT: Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2011-08-05. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR31521.v1
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: abortion, Affirmative Action, agriculture, AIDS, alcohol, altruism, birth control, business, capital punishment, children, citizenship, civil rights, communism, community participation, compensation, computer use, corporations, courts, crime, democracy, dissent, divorce, drug use, economic issues, employment, environment, environmental attitudes, environmental protection, ethnicity, euthanasia, expenditures, families, foreign affairs, freedom, gender, gender issues, gender roles, government, health, housing, human rights, hunting, immigration, income, industry, Jews, labor unions, marijuana, marriage, media coverage, mental health, military draft, military service, national identity, occupations, parents, patients, physicians, police, politics, poverty, prejudice, privacy, race relations, racial attitudes, religion, school prayer, science, sexual behavior, sexual preference, smoking, social classes, social inequality, social mobility, social networks, Social Security, sports, suicide, taxes, technology, television, terminal illnesses, terrorism, unemployment, welfare services, work
Smallest Geographic Unit: census region
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: All noninstitutionalized, English and Spanish speaking persons 18 years of age or older, living in the United States.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Sample: For sampling information, please see Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.
Weight: Due to the number of weights and various uses for them, users should refer to Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.
Mode of Data Collection: computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, telephone interview
Response Rates: Approximately 70 percent.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2011-08-05
- 2013-02-07 Documentation was updated.
- View publications for the study (~22)
- View publications for the series
Most Recent Publications
Instructional guides that utilize this dataset are available:
Crime and Religion - Association of Religion Data Archives
Religion and Science - Association of Religion Data Archives
Attitudes vs. Behaviors: Religion and Helping Others - Association of Religion Data Archives
- Citations exports are provided above.
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