National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Evaluation of the Texas Youth Commission's Chemical Dependency Treatment Program, 1998-1999 (ICPSR 3141) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This study consists of data from both the process evaluation and the outcome evaluation of the Texas Youth Commission's (TYC) Chemical Dependency Treatment Program (CDTP). The research goal of the first part of the study was to provide a systematic and empirical process evaluation of appropriate program placement and whether and to what extent selected individual-level factors were related to key measures of program progress, as well as to variations in process outcomes across each of five treatment sites. The research goal of the second part of the study was to provide a systematic and empirical outcome evaluation of the impact of the TYC Chemical Dependency Treatment Program, including determination of the extent to which certain risk, need, amenability, program performance and delivery, and aftercare factors affected treatment impact. Data were obtained from the Texas Youth Commission, the state corrections agency responsible for serving violent and serious delinquent youth committed to the custody of the state. TYC collects a range of information on the risk, needs, and treatment amenability of its youths. Also, program performance is measured through the use of an exit assessment conducted by program staff, which essentially provides a report card summarizing each youth's involvement and progress in treatment. Data in this evaluation cover all juveniles who entered the CDTP from January through October 1998, and who were discharged by April 1, 1999. The treatment group consists of youths who invariably had a high need for chemical dependency treatment. The control group consists of youths who were eligible for treatment in the CDTP during this same time period but who did not receive it due to limited CDTP bed space. To obtain measures of drug use/abuse relapse, aftercare participation, and parole performance, a parolee data worksheet was created. TYC was able to provide information on who received chemical dependency treatment while on parole. Five core variables of the process evaluation data are program completion, program expulsion, days to completion, days to expulsion, and number of behavior infractions. The process evaluation includes the following variables from individual exit assessments: the youth's overall participation, whether the youth understood the curriculum, understood addiction, sought help, acknowledged addiction, and acknowledged impact, the youth's performance grade, whether the youth committed to be drug-free, family involvement, special circumstances, and performance index. Demographic variables are race, age, parents' marital status, and gender. Variables addressing risk factors include classifying offense, offender class, risk level, number of felony referrals, number of felony adjudications, number of previous TYC commitments, and number of parole revocations. Other variables in the process evaluation address the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI), the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV) chemical dependency treatment need, TYC treatment amenability score, and the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). Variables available in the outcome evaluation data address issues of rearrest, higher custody level, aftercare sessions, drug tests, and parole compliance.

Access Notes

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Study Description

Citation

Kelly, William R. Evaluation of the Texas Youth Commission's Chemical Dependency Treatment Program, 1998-1999. ICPSR03141-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003. doi:10.3886/ICPSR03141.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (97-RT-VX-K016 and 99-RT-VX-K0009)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   addiction, juvenile offenders, outcome evaluation, process evaluation, residential programs, substance abuse treatment, treatment compliance, treatment facilities, treatment outcome

Geographic Coverage:   Texas, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1998--1999

Date of Collection:  

  • 1998-06--2000-06

Unit of Observation:   Individuals.

Universe:   Juveniles who entered the Texas Youth Commission's Chemical Dependency Treatment Program from January through October 1998, and who were discharged by April 1, 1999.

Data Types:   administrative records data

Methodology

Study Purpose:   The research goal of the first part of this study was to provide a systematic and empirical process evaluation of appropriate program placement and whether and to what extent selected individual-level factors were related to several key measures of program progress, as well as to variations in several process outcomes across each of five treatment sites. This evaluation specifically attempted to address questions concerning the relationships between risk assessment and program progress, dynamic and criminogenic needs and program progress, and treatment amenability and program progress, as well as investigating any variations in program progress across treatment sites. The research goal of the second part of this study was to provide a systematic and empirical outcome evaluation of the impact of the Texas Youth Commission's (TYC) Chemical Dependency Treatment Program (CDTP), including determination of the extent to which certain risk, need, amenability, program performance and delivery, and aftercare factors affected treatment impact. This evaluation specifically attempted to address the following questions: First, compared with those who have high chemical dependency needs but do not receive treatment, do youths in chemical dependency treatment fare better with respect to outcomes of rearrest and placement on a higher custody level, by offense type? Second, what factors (including demographic, risk, and dynamic and criminogenic need factors, treatment amenability, and program and parole progress and performance) are associated with variation among treatment group recipients in these outcomes? Third, which sub-groups/populations of treatment youths are most and least likely to benefit from treatment?

Study Design:   Data were obtained from the Texas Youth Commission (TYC), the state corrections agency responsible for serving violent and serious delinquent youth committed to the custody of the state. TYC collects a range of information on the risk, needs, and treatment amenability of its youths. Also, program performance is measured through the use of an exit assessment conducted by program staff, which essentially provides a report card summarizing each youth's involvement and progress in treatment. Data are provided for all juveniles who entered the CDTP from January through October 1998, and who were discharged by April 1, 1999. The treatment group consists of youths who invariably had a high need for chemical dependency treatment. The control group consists of youths who were eligible for treatment in the CDTP during this same time period but who did not receive it due to limited CDTP bed space. To obtain measures of drug use/abuse relapse, aftercare participation, and parole performance, a parolee data worksheet was created. TYC was able to provide information on who received chemical dependency treatment while on parole.

Sample:   Not applicable.

Data Source:

records of the Texas Youth Commission

Description of Variables:   Five core variables of the process evaluation data are program completion, program expulsion, days to completion, days to expulsion, and number of behavior infractions. The process evaluation includes the following variables from individual exit assessments: the youth's overall participation, whether the youth understood the curriculum, understood addiction, sought help, acknowledged addiction, and acknowledged impact, the youth's performance grade, whether the youth committed to be drug-free, family involvement, special circumstances, and performance index. Demographic variables are race, age, parents' marital status, and gender. Variables addressing risk factors include classifying offense, offender class, risk level, number of felony referrals, number of felony adjudications, number of previous TYC commitments, and number of parole revocations. Other variables in the process evaluation address the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI), the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV (DSM-IV) chemical dependency treatment need, TYC treatment amenability score, and the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). Variables available in the outcome evaluation data address issues of rearrest, higher custody level, aftercare sessions, drug tests, and parole compliance.

Response Rates:   Not applicable.

Presence of Common Scales:   Likert-type scales, Intelligence Quotient scale, the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory, the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV, and the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale.

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