National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data, 1999 (ICPSR 3105)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Sentencing Commission


This collection contains appellate information from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States. The United States Sentencing Commission compiled from the Clerk of the Court of each court of appeals the final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, in all criminal appeals for the time period surveyed. The Commission also collected habeas corpus decisions (although technically civil matters), because such cases often involve sentencing issues. Both the "case" and the "defendant" are used in this collection as units of analysis. Each "case" comprises individual records representing all codefendants participating in a consolidated appeal. Each defendant's record comprises the sentencing-related issues corresponding to that particular defendant. The 1999 data includes all appeals cases received as of December 27, 1999, that had disposition dates between October 1, 1998, and September 30, 1999 (inclusive).

Series: Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


United States Sentencing Commission. Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data, 1999 . ICPSR03105-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    appeal procedures, appellate courts, convictions (law), court cases, defendants, federal courts, habeas corpus, judicial decisions, legal appeals, offenses, sentence review, sentencing

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1998-10-01--1999-09-30

Date of Collection:   

  • 1998--1999

Universe:    All appeals cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission.

Data Type(s):    event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR is archiving MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL CONVICTIONS AND SENTENCES: APPEALS DATA under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1993-1998 are archived under study number 6559.


Data Source:

final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, and habeas corpus decisions from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2001-03-27

Version History:

  • 2014-06-27 All parts are being moved from restricted access to public access.
  • 2011-04-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.

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