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Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2008 (ICPSR 30661)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Japanese General Social Surveys (JGSS) Project is a Japanese version of the General Social Survey (GSS) project closely replicating the original GSS of the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago. It provides data for analyses of Japanese society, attitudes, and behaviors, which makes possible international comparisons. The objectives of the JGSS project are three-fold: (1) to collect and build cumulative data on general social surveys in Japan in a regular and consistent manner, thus enabling a time-series analysis; (2) to provide data for secondary analyses to researchers and university students in various social science fields; and (3) to provide data in a format useful for international comparative studies, research, and reports. While the survey is conducted in Japanese language alone, the data files and codebooks are produced and deposited both in Japanese and English.

Series: Japanese General Social Surveys (JGSS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  English Data - Download All Files (29.6 MB)
DS2:  Japanese Data - Download All Files (32.6 MB)

Study Description


Tanioka, Ichiro, Noriko Iwai, Michio Nitta, and Tokio Yasuda. Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), 2008. ICPSR30661-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-03-27. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30661.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   alcohol consumption, automobile expenses, automobile use, career history, charitable donations, children, commuting (travel), consumer behavior, credit card use, crime, demographic characteristics, divorce, domestic responsibilities, education, employment, euthanasia, family history, foreigners, gender roles, government, health status, household composition, income, job satisfaction, labor unions, leisure, life satisfaction, living arrangements, marriage, mental health, newspapers, social status, taxes, technology, trust (psychology), work attitudes, workplaces

Smallest Geographic Unit:   prefecture

Geographic Coverage:   Global, Japan

Time Period:  

  • 2008

Date of Collection:  

  • 2008-10-01--2008-12-25

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Men and women 20-89 years of age living in Japan.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

If you are publishing the results of analyses using the JGSS datasets, please quote the following acknowledgment:

The Japanese General Social Surveys (JGSS) are designed and carried out by the JGSS Research Center at Osaka University of Commerce (Joint Usage/Research Center for Japanese General Social Surveys accredited by Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology), in collaboration with the Institute of Social Science at the University of Tokyo.

In addition, please add an acknowledgment of the data archive from which you obtained the dataset. If you obtained the dataset from SSJ Data Archive, please stipulate: "The datasets are distributed by SSJ Data Archive, Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo."

The data available for download are not weighted, and users will need to weight the data prior to analysis.

JGSS data and the supporting documents are provided both in English and Japanese for the convenience of users of either language. The JGSS is conducted in the Japanese language. The English version of the questionnaires and datasets have been constructed for the convenience of researchers. This is to remind all users of the English version of the JGSS datasets and questionnaires that the nuanced meanings conveyed in the original language may not be contained in the English version of the questionnaires and datasets.

The CASEID variable was created for use with online analysis.

The codebook for the Japanese data (Part 2) includes the original codebook sent to ICPSR by the Japanese General Social Survey, 2008. Some of the variable labels in the Japanese ICPSR codebook are missing due to conversion issues.

Additional information about sampling, interviewing, and weighting may be found in the codebook.

More information about Japanese General Social surveys can be found on the Japanese General Social Survey Web site.


Sample:   Two-stage stratified random sampling; stratified by regional block (6) and population size (major cities, cities with population of 200,000 or more, cities with population of less than 200,000, and towns/villages). Number of survey points: 526. Number of samples at each survey point: 14-16. For more information, please see the Sampling appendix in the codebook.


The JGSS-2008 dataset has a variable "WEIGHT" to weight data for population estimates. This is produced by calculating the number of people which one respondent represents by taking into consideration the following factors:

Sex (2 categories) x 10-year Age Group (7 categories) = 14 categories

WEIGHT for each category was calculated by dividing the population for the category by the number of respondents for that category.

The estimated 2008 population for each category was obtained by adjusting the estimated 2008 population based on the 2005 Population Census.

Additional weighting information can be found in the codebook.

Mode of Data Collection:   computer-assisted self interview (CASI), face-to-face interview, self-enumerated questionnaire

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


Original ICPSR Release:  

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