National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2008 (ICPSR 29431)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
These data contain records of guideline computations and adjustments for each count of conviction for criminal defendants who were sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission (USSC) during fiscal year 2008. The data are one of two supplementary files that should be used in conjunction with the primary analysis file, which contains records for all defendants sentenced under the guidelines. These data can be linked to the primary analysis file using the unique identifier variable USSCIDN. The number of records for a defendant in the current data corresponds to the total number of guideline computations, which may or may not equal the total counts of conviction for that defendant, dependent upon the grouping rules of the particular guideline in question (see Section 3D1.2 of the guidelines manual). As an example, a defendant with five counts of drug trafficking will only have one guideline computation because each of the drug weights for each count are simply added together and only one calculation is necessary. However, if a defendant has five counts of bank robbery, he or she will have five separate guideline computations because bank robbery is considered to be a nongroupable offense. The data were obtained from the United States Sentencing Commission's Office of Policy Analysis' (OPA) Standardized Research Data File. These data are part of a series designed by the Urban Institute (Washington, DC) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Data and documentation were prepared by the Urban Institute.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access. (Instructions on YouTube.)
Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, 2008. ICPSR29431-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29431.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29431.v2
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: sentencing guideline computations for defendants in federal criminal cases
Universe: Defendants sentenced pursuant to provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 and reported to the United States Sentencing Commission during fiscal year 2008.
Data Types: event/transaction data
extracts from the USSC Standardized Research Data File
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
Original ICPSR Release: 2011-02-08
- 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
- Citations exports are provided above.
Export Study-level metadata (does not include variable-level metadata)
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.