National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases in District Court -- Terminated, 2008 [United States] (ICPSR 29242) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The data contain records of defendants in criminal cases terminated in United States District Court during fiscal year 2008. The data were constructed from the Administrative Office of the United States District Courts' (AOUSC) criminal file. Defendants in criminal cases may be either individuals or corporations. There is one record for each defendant in each case filed. Included in the records are data from court proceedings and offense codes for up to five offenses charged at the time the case was filed. (The most serious charge at termination may differ from the most serious charge at case filing, due to plea bargaining or action of the judge or jury.) In a case with multiple charges against the defendant, a "most serious" offense charge is determined by a hierarchy of offenses based on statutory maximum penalties associated with the charges. The data file contains variables from the original AOUSC files as well as additional analysis variables, or "SAF variables," that denote subsets of the data. These SAF variables are related to statistics reported in the Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, Tables 4.1-4.5 and 5.1-5.6. Variables containing information (e.g., name, Social Security number) were replaced with blanks, and the day portions of date fields were also sanitized in order to protect the identities of individuals. These data are part of a series designed by the Urban Institute (Washington, DC) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Data and documentation were prepared by the Urban Institute.

Series: Federal Justice Statistics Program Data Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Dataset(s)

Dataset
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases in District Court -- Terminated, 2008 [United States]. ICPSR29242-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-03-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29242.v2

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   administration, court cases, criminal law, defendants, federal courts, judicial decisions, legal systems, trial courts

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 2007-10-01--2008-09-30

Date of Collection:  

  • 2007-10-01--2008-09-30

Unit of Observation:   defendants in federal criminal cases

Universe:   Criminal cases terminated in United States District Court during fiscal year 2008.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Methodology

Data Source:

extracts from the AOUSC criminal file

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.

Related Publications (see Notes)

Variables

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