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Schools and Staffing Survey, 1990-1991 [United States]: Revised Version (ICPSR 2745)

Principal Investigator(s):


This data collection, a revised version of SCHOOLS AND STAFFING SURVEY, 1990-1991: [UNITED STATES] (ICSPR 6313), consists of four integrated surveys of public and private schools, administrators, and teachers in the United States. Information is presented separately for public and private schools for all surveys except the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey in this revised version of the collection. Part 1, the Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey, presents information from schools and local education agencies on student enrollment, number of teachers, position vacancies, new hires, teacher salaries and incentives, and hiring and retirement policies. Parts 2 and 3, the School Administrator Survey, include information about training, experience, professional background, and job activities of school principals and headmasters. Questions in Parts 4 and 5, the Teacher Survey, cover teacher education and training, teaching assignment, teaching experience, certification, teaching workload, perceptions and attitudes about teaching, job mobility, and workplace conditions. Parts 6 and 7, the School Survey, provide data from elementary and secondary schools on student characteristics, staffing patterns, student-teacher ratios, enrollment by grade, types of programs and services offered, length of school day and school year, graduation and college application rates, and teacher turnover rates.

Series: Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Teacher Demand and Shortage Survey Data - Download All Files (11 MB)
DS2:  School Administrator Survey, Public School Data - Download All Files (19.4 MB)
DS3:  School Administrator Survey, Private School Data - Download All Files (6.8 MB)
DS4:  School Teacher Survey, Public School Data - Download All Files (95 MB)
DS5:  School Teacher Survey, Private School Data - Download All Files (14.9 MB)
DS6:  School Survey, Public School Data - Download All Files (19.2 MB)
DS7:  School Survey, Private School Data - Download All Files (6.5 MB)

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. SCHOOLS AND STAFFING SURVEY, 1990-1991 [UNITED STATES]: REVISED VERSION. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement [producer], 1998. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02745.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   educational administrators, elementary education, private schools, public schools, secondary education, school enrollments, school personnel, teacher education, teacher shortages, teaching (occupation)

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1990--1991

Date of Collection:  

  • 1990--1991

Universe:   Public and private schools in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) This revised version of the collection is derived from the NCES's "Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and Teacher Followup Survey (TFS) CD-ROM: Public-Use Data for 3 Cycles of SASS and TFS." This version contains additional created variables and supersedes ICPSR 6313. (2) The codebook and technical manual are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.


Sample:   Stratified sample.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: The data from the four samples are designed to be "linked," that is, teachers can be matched to administrators and to schools. However, the files released by ICPSR are public use files and cannot be linked in this way. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) will prepare limited linked-run files for individual users. Contact them directly to explore this option. The restricted-use files are available only to researchers who sign a licensing agreement with the National Center for Education Statistics.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File DOC2745.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-18 File CB2745.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
  • 2000-01-18 The SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been updated with the addition of value label statements.

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