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Jobs II Preventive Intervention for Unemployed Job Seekers, 1991-1993: [Southeast Michigan] (ICPSR 2739)

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

These data explore the impact of job loss and unemployment on workers' stress and mental health, and evaluate the potential benefits of participation in a job-search skills seminar. Respondents were recruited from four offices of the Michigan Employment Security Commission (MESC) in southeastern Michigan. A group of 31,560 unemployed persons were approached for the study. Of these, about 23,000 failed to meet basic initial criteria because they were new entrants to the labor market, already re-employed, or just accompanying others in line. Respondents were kept in the pool if they were not on strike and not expecting to be recalled for work in the next few months or planning to retire in the next two years. The resulting group of 7,956 were then assessed for symptoms of depression and willingness to participate in a job-seeking skills seminar. These final exclusion criteria resulted in a pool of 3,402. A screening questionnaire (Part 1) was administered to that pool, which allowed the researchers to classify respondents as being at high risk for depression and anxiety or at low risk. All of the high-risk respondents and a random sample of the low-risk participants were invited to participate in the study and in the MESC's Job Opportunities and Basic Skills II (JOBSII) intervention program, which consisted of a set of job-search skills seminars. JOBS II was patterned after JOBS I, which was offered by the MESC in the late 1980s. A pretest questionnaire (Part 2) was mailed to respondents between February and July 1991, two weeks prior to the invitation to participate in the JOBS intervention seminar. The questionnaire addressed the situation surrounding the respondents' loss of employment, quality of work life in previous job, level of economic hardship, attitudes toward obtaining a new job, social support network, self-esteem, feelings of anxiety and/or depression, health problems, and substance abuse history and related problems. At the same time, a mail questionnaire was sent to each respondent's significant other (Part 6). Items in this questionnaire focused on the length of their relationship with the respondent, the level of support given to the respondent, the significant other's observations regarding the daily activities of the respondent during this period of job loss, the significant other's feelings of anxiety and/or depression, and the significant other's level of economic hardship. A second and third mail questionnaire were sent six weeks (Part 3) and six months (Part 4) after the respondents' participation in a JOBS intervention program job-seeking skills seminar. For those respondents who had gained employment, questions were asked regarding current employment status, sense of job permanence, employee benefits, and feelings toward current job. Those respondents still seeking employment were queried about their intention to continue their job search, job-seeking behaviors, confidence in their ability to obtain a job, and the presence or lack of a social support network. For those respondents still unemployed six months after the intervention seminar, additional questions covered receipt of unemployment benefits and how necessary those benefits were. Similarly, significant others were queried both six weeks (Part 7) and six months (Part 8) after the respondents' participation in the job intervention. Topics focused on their relationship with the respondent, the observed daily activities of the respondent, the emotional support given to the respondent, the respondent's job-seeking behavior, the respondent's and significant other's feelings of anxiety and/or depression, and the level of shared responsibility regarding the payment of bills and other economic hardships. Finally, respondents were questioned through a mail survey two years (Part 5) after their participation in the intervention seminar about their employment status, quality of work life, financial strain endured, social support system, relationship satisfaction, self-esteem, feelings of anxiety and/or depression, health, and sense of control. Significant others were also queried after two years (Part 9) regarding their relationship with the respondent, the significant other's familiarity with the respondent's feelings of anxiety and/or depression, their social support network, and the significant other's feelings of anxiety and/or depression. Background information on respondents includes age, sex, race, Hispanic descent, education, marital status, age of children in household, number of financial dependents, and household income. Background information on significant others includes age, sex, race, Hispanic descent, education, and employment status. Following the conclusion of the JOBS intervention program, respondents were asked to complete a mail questionnaire (Part 10) evaluating the effectiveness of the program agenda and assessing the relevance of the seminar to their job search, the effectiveness of the seminar trainers, inoculation against setbacks, impact on their self-esteem, effect on their interviewing skills, and resume preparedness.

Access Notes

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Dataset(s)

DS1:  Time 0 Data: Focal Respondent Screening - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
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DS2:  Time 1 Data: Focal Respondents Prior to Intervention - Download All Files (24 MB)
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DS3:  Time 2 Data: Focal Respondents Six Weeks After Intervention - Download All Files (23.8 MB)
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DS4:  Time 3 Data: Focal Respondents Six Months After Intervention - Download All Files (24 MB)
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DS5:  Time 4 Data: Focal Respondents Two Years After Intervention - Download All Files (24 MB)
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DS6:  Time 1 Data: Significant Others Prior to Intervention - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
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DS7:  Time 2 Data: Significant Others Six Weeks After Intervention - Download All Files (23.6 MB)
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DS8:  Time 3 Data: Significant Others Six Months After Intervention - Download All Files (23.6 MB)
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DS9:  Time 4 Data: Significant Others Two Years After Intervention - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
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DS10:  Program Evaluation Data - Download All Files (23 MB)
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DS11:  Scales and Relevant Items: All Respondents (Time 0-Time 4) - Download All Files (26.4 MB)
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DS12:  Scales and Subscales: All Respondents (Time 1-Time 3) - Download All Files (25.9 MB)
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DS13:  Scales and Subscales: All Respondents (Time 4) - Download All Files (23.7 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Vinokur, Amiram D., and Richard H. Price. JOBS II PREVENTIVE INTERVENTION FOR UNEMPLOYED JOB SEEKERS, 1991-1993: [SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN]. ICPSR version. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Survey Research Center, Michigan Prevention Research Center [producer], 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02739.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   anxiety, depression (psychology), displaced workers, job history, job loss, job skills, job stress, self esteem, social support, unemployment

Geographic Coverage:   Michigan, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1991--1993

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The data are provided as SPSS export files. (2) The responses for variable V3468 in Part 11 were coded incorrectly. The 0's should be recoded to 1's and the 1's should be recoded to 0's. (3) This collection has not been processed by ICPSR staff. ICPSR is distributing the data and documentation for this collection in essentially the same form in which they were received. When appropriate, hardcopy documentation has been converted to machine-readable form and variables have been recoded to ensure respondents' anonymity. (4) The codebooks are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Methodology

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 17 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 16 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 15 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 14 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.

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