American National Election Study, 1998: Post-Election Survey (ICPSR 2684)
Principal Investigator(s): Sapiro, Virginia; Rosenstone, Steven J.; National Election Studies
This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1952. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Substantive themes of the 1998 election study include, among others, knowledge and evaluation of the House candidates and placement of the candidates on various issue dimensions, interest in the political campaigns, attentiveness to the media's coverage of the campaign, media use, evaluation of the mass media, vote choice, partisanship, and evaluations of the political parties and the party system. Additional items focused on political participation, political mobilization, evaluations of the president and Congress, the "Lewinsky affair," egalitarianism, moral traditionalism, political trust, political efficacy, ideology, cultural pluralism, and political knowledge. Respondents were also asked about their attitudes toward a wide range of issues, including social policy, race policy, military and foreign policy, immigration, foreign imports, prayer in schools, school vouchers, the environment, the death penalty, women's rights, abortion, and religion and politics, including new measures of explicitly political and religious orientations. Demographic items such as age, sex, nationality, marital status, employment status, occupation, and education were also included.
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Sapiro, Virginia, Steven J. Rosenstone, and National Election Studies. American National Election Study, 1998: Post-Election Survey. ICPSR02684-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. doi:10.3886/ICPSR02684.v2
Persistent URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02684.v2
This survey was funded by:
- National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: congressional candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, economic policy, environmental policy, foreign policy, government performance, Lewinsky scandal, mass media, media coverage, morality, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, political partisanship, presidential elections, presidential performance, public approval, public opinion, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: All United States citizens of voting age on or before November 3, 1998, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 coterminous states.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Users are advised that this version of the 1998 data will not run on NESstat, the front-end application distributed on the 1948-1997 ANES CD-ROM. For a version that will run on NESstat, users should download a copy from http://www.umich.edu/~nes.
The codebook is in ASCII text format, and the data collection instrument is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.
Sample: National multistage area probability sample.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, telephone interview
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
Original ICPSR Release: 1999-03-25
- 2000-11-10 An errata file describing minor changes to the data and documentation has been added to the collection. Also, minor formatting changes have been made to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements.
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Most Recent Publications
ICPSR has created the following instructional guides that utilize data from this study:
Additional materials can be found on our Resources for Instructors site.
Instructional guides that utilize this dataset are available:
Attitudes toward Electoral Accountability: A Data-Driven Learning Guide - Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Accountability is a foundation of democratic principles. Elected representatives are held accountable to their constituents through the electoral process; legislators who do not appear to represent the best interests of their constituents may find it difficult to be re-elected. Citizens who believe that representatives can be held accountable through elections may be more likely to participate in the political process.
The goal of this module is to explore attitudes about government accountability and their relationship to political participation in the U.S. Crosstabulation will be used.
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