National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data, 2008 (ICPSR 25425)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Sentencing Commission
This collection contains appellate information from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States. From the Clerk of the Court of each court of appeals, the United States Sentencing Commission compiled the final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, in all criminal appeals for the time period surveyed. The Commission also collected habeas corpus decisions even though they are technically civil matters, because such cases often involve sentencing issues. Both the "case" and the "defendant" are used in this collection as units of analysis. Each case comprises individual records representing all codefendants participating in a consolidated appeal. Each defendant's record comprises the sentencing-related issues corresponding to that particular defendant.
These data are freely available.
United States Sentencing Commission. Monitoring of Federal Criminal Convictions and Sentences: Appeals Data, 2008. ICPSR25425-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-03-04. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR25425.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR25425.v2
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: appeal procedures, appellate courts, convictions (law), court cases, criminal histories, defendants, federal courts, habeas corpus, judicial decisions, legal appeals, offenses, sentence review, sentencing
Smallest Geographic Unit: federal circuit court
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: federal case, defendant
Universe: All appeals cases received by the United States Sentencing Commission and assessed as constitutional.
Data Types: event/transaction data
Data Collection Notes:
Starting with the 1999 data, ICPSR archives MONITORING OF FEDERAL CRIMINAL CONVICTIONS AND SENTENCES: APPEALS DATA under a new study number for each year of data. Data for the years 1993-1998 are archived as ICPSR 6559.
Final opinions and orders, both published and unpublished, and habeas corpus decisions from the 12 circuit courts of appeals of the United States.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2010-03-04
- 2014-06-27 All parts are being moved from restricted access to public access.
- 2011-03-08 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.
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