This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Indian National Election Study, 1967, 1971, 1979, 1985 (ICPSR 25402)

Principal Investigator(s):


The Indian National Election studies were a series of face-to-face surveys of adults in India in the periods immediately following the 1967, 1971, 1979, and 1985 national elections. This collection was based on the research of Samuel Eldersveld of the University of Michigan, Ahmed Bashiruddin of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies in New Delhi, and Dwaine Marvick of the University of California-Los Angeles. The focus of these surveys was on the perceptions, attitudes, and behavior of the adult public toward party structures and organizations at the national level of government. In order to assess the sources of influence on respondents' political attitudes and behavior, they were asked about issues they considered to be most important to both the local and state population, and to rank these issues in order of priority. Respondents were also asked for their opinion on public organizations in India, as well as their level of involvement in these organizations. Respondents were asked if they aligned themselves with a party or a candidate, for whom they voted, and their level of involvement or previous experience in any party or candidate's political campaign. At the national level, respondents were asked for their opinions on the Indian Congress, its role and strength in the government, actions taken and legislation passed by the Congress and the level of involvement it should take concerning bovine issues. Also explored were the involvement and the opinion of the respondent's family and caste in the political process, party campaigns as well as interaction with party leaders. Demographic information includes whether or not the respondent was from a rural or urban setting, their caste classification, gender, age, religion, household composition, occupation, father's occupation, level of education completed, and income and monthly expenditures.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.


DS1:  1967 Data - Download All Files (53 MB)
DS2:  1971 Data - Download All Files (31.2 MB)
DS3:  1979 Data - Download All Files (17.3 MB)
DS4:  1985 Data - Download All Files (16.5 MB)

Study Description


Eldersveld, Samuel J., Bashiruddin Ahmed, and Dwaine Marvick. Indian National Election Study, 1967, 1971, 1979, 1985. ICPSR25402-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-04-12. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR25402.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   national elections, political action, political affiliation, political participation, political parties, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:   Global, India

Time Period:  

  • 1967
  • 1971
  • 1979
  • 1985

Data Types:   survey data



Original ICPSR Release:  



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.