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This study is provided by Centre for Data Archiving, Management, Analysis and Advocacy (C-DAMAA), a platform for collecting, processing, archiving, analyzing available data, and disseminating results for faculty and students at the University of Cape Coast in Ghana.

Inter-communal Violence and Conflict: Perspectives Opinion Survey of Ghana, 2008 (ICPSR 25121)

Principal Investigator(s): Sharif, Idris, University of Cape Coast


This survey explores the opinions of the people in Ghana about inter-communal or ethnic-tribal conflict and violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, post-election violence between December 2007 and February 2008 in Kenya, and various economic, social and political issues and problems in Ghana. The survey consists of four sections. The first section contains questions on various demographic variables including respondents' ethnic identification, religious affiliation, schooling, political inclination and voting behavior. The second section contains respondents' opinions on the causes and consequences of ethnic/tribal conflict and violence in Sub-Saharan Africa. Topics investigated include the relation between economic inequality and armed conflict, factors causing ethnic and electoral violence, challenges to democracy and government stability, level of trust among people of different ethnic groups or nationalities, and desired political system. The third section contains questions related to post-election violence in Kenya between various ethnic groups in 2008. Respondents' were asked about the causes of post-election violence in Kenya and the factors contributing to instability in Africa. The fourth section contains questions on the political and socio-economic situations and ethnic/tribal tensions in Ghana. Some of the topics highlighted in this section include the economic situation in Ghana, ethnic discrimination, ethnic identity, respect for an ethnic group or a tribal group, and the impact of ethnic loyalties on democratic reforms in Ghana.

Series: Centre for Data Archiving, Management, Analysis and Advocacy (C-DAMAA) Series

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Study Description


Sharif, Idris. Inter-communal Violence and Conflict: Perspectives Opinion Survey of Ghana, 2008. ICPSR25121-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-08-14. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR25121.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR25121.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    armed conflict, civil wars, conflict, contested elections, corruption, dissatisfaction, distrust, economic conditions, elections, electoral issues, ethnic groups, ethnic identity, ethnic tensions, government leaders, government performance, identity, inequality, national identity, political attitudes, political behavior, political issues, political power, political systems, political violence, public opinion, social attitudes, social issues, violence, voter attitudes, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    Ghana, Global, Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa

Time Period:   

  • 2008-07-24--2008-12-03

Date of Collection:   

  • 2008-07-24--2008-12-03

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Individuals of the Republic of Ghana, West Africa.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Study Purpose:    The purpose of the study was to assess the extent to which there is variation in public opinion among Ghanians on inter-communal violence and conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Sample:    The study used purposive sampling that allowed for the judgement of the principal investigator to select, gradually, cases that are both difficult and informative regarding the specific content under investigation. Four hundred and thirty-three self-enumerated questionnaires were fielded to respondents in Accra, Ghana within the Osu/Contentment community areas, and within the Cape Coast municipality in the Central Region of Ghana.

Mode of Data Collection:    self-enumerated questionnaire

Response Rates:    93.99 percent

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2009-08-14



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