National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This census is the seventh enumeration of state adult correctional institutions and the fourth of federal institutions sponsored by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and conducted by the Bureau of the Census. Earlier censuses were completed in 1979 (ICPSR 7852), 1984 (ICPSR 8444), 1990 (ICPSR 9908), 1995 (ICPSR 6953), and 2000 (ICPSR 4021). For each facility, information was provided on physical security, age, functions, capacity, court orders for specific conditions, one-day counts and average populations, race/ethnicity of inmates, inmate work assignments, inmate deaths, special inmate counts, assaults, and incidents caused by inmates.
These data are freely available.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 2005. ICPSR24642-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-10-05. doi:10.3886/ICPSR24642.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR24642.v2
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: census data, correctional facilities (adults), corrections, corrections management, inmate deaths, inmate populations, inmate programs, inmates, jails, prison administration, prison conditions, prison construction, prison overcrowding
Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: correctional facility
The facility universe was developed from the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities conducted in 2000. Each state's department of corrections was contacted to identify new facilities and facilities that had been closed since June, 2000. Telephone follow-ups were carried out during 2006. All but one respondent -- the state of Illinois -- participated in the census. Facilities were included in the enumeration if they were: (1) staffed with federal, state, local, or private employees, (2) held inmates primarily for state or federal authorities, (3) were physically, functionally, and administratively separate from other facilities, and (4) were operational on December 30, 2005.
The census included the following types of adult correctional facilities:
Reception, diagnostic, and classification centers
Facilities primarily for parole violators and other persons returned to custody
Road camps, forestry camps, and conservation camps
Youthful offender facilities except in California
Vocational training facilities
Drug and alcohol treatment facilities
State operated local detention facilities in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and Vermont
The census excluded the following types of institutions:
Private facilities not primarily for state or federal inmates
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities
Bureau of Indian Affairs facilities
Facilities operated by or for local government, including those housing state prisoners
Facilities operated by the United States Marshals Service
Hospital wings and wards reserved for state prisoners
Facilities that hold only juveniles
Data Types: survey data
Mode of Data Collection: self-enumerated questionnaire
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2009-04-03
- 2010-10-05 Un-suppress V9 (Physical address) and V10 (Physical city).
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