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Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) [United States]: Freshman Survey, 1974 (ICPSR 2404)
Principal Investigator(s): University of California-Los Angeles. Graduate School of Education. Higher Education Research Institute; American Council on Education
The principal purposes of this national longitudinal study of the higher education system in the United States are to describe the characteristics of new college freshmen and to explore the effects of college on students. For each wave of this survey, each student completes a questionnaire during freshman orientation or registration that asks for information on academic skills and preparation, high school activities and experiences, educational and career plans, majors and careers, student values, and financing college. Other questions elicit demographic information, including sex, age, parental education and occupation, household income, race, religious preference, and state of birth. Specific questions asked of respondents in the 1974 survey included students' average grades, year of graduation, place of residence during school year, total expenses, and total income during the previous year. Respondents were also asked to indicate, based on a list of traits, how they compared with average students their own age. Other questions involved students' long-term choice of occupations, their opinions on the importance of various individuals and events in their decision to enroll in college, assessments of achieving certain goals during their college years, and general attitudes about faculty and other students.
These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download these data.
University of California-Los Angeles. Graduate School of Education. Higher Education Research Institute, and American Council on Education. Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) [United States]: Freshman Survey, 1974. ICPSR02404-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02404.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02404.v1
This study was funded by:
- American Council on Education
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: All institutions of higher education with entering freshman classes listed in the fall enrollment files of the Higher Education General Information Survey/Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (HEGIS/IPEDS) data collections.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
For information on research methodology and weighting, users should consult specific editions of "The American Freshman," a report produced annually by the Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles. The 1991 edition of this report provides the following summary: "The institutions identified as part of the national population are divided into 37 stratification groups based on institutional race (predominantly white vs. predominantly black), type (two-year college, four-year college, university), control (public, private nonsectarian, Roman Catholic and Protestant) and, for four-year colleges and universities, the selectivity level of the institution (for two-year colleges, enrollment is used in place of selectivity). Selectivity, defined as the average composite SAT score of the entering class, was made an integral part of the stratification design in 1968, and was revised and updated in 1975. Those institutions identified as being part of the Norms [national] sample are then weighted by a two-step procedure. In the first step, the counts of male and female FTFT [first-time full-time] population for each institution are divided by that institution's male and female FTFT respondent count. The resulting weights, when applied, bring the male and female respondent counts up to the corresponding counts for the population of that institution. The weighted counts for all participating institutions in each stratification cell are then summed, and divided into the national male and female FTFT counts for all institutions in that stratification cell. The resulting between-institution weights bring the male and female counts for each stratification cell up to the corresponding national counts for that stratification cell."
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2002-07-18
- 2002-08-13 Text regarding selectivity level has been added to the codebook.
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