Record of American Democracy, 1984-1990 (ICPSR 23623)

Principal Investigator(s): King, Gary; Palmquist, Bradley


The Record of American Democracy (ROAD) data provide election returns, socioeconomic summaries, and demographic details about the American public at unusually low levels of geographic aggregation. The NSF-supported ROAD project spans every state in the country from 1984 through 1990 (including some off-year elections). These data enable research on topics such as electoral behavior, the political characteristics of local community context, electoral geography, the role of minority groups in elections and legislative redistricting, split ticket voting and divided government, and elections under federalism.

Access Notes

Study Description

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    election districts, election returns, elections, redistricting, voters, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Data Collection Notes:

2012-08-23 This data resource description has been deaccessioned and is no longer available.

These data are not available from ICPSR. Users should consult the data owners directly for details on obtaining the data and documentation.