This study was originally provided by TPDRC.
Youth, Emotional Energy, and Political Violence: The Cases of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Survey, 2005 (ICPSR 23461)
Principal Investigator(s): Moaddel, Mansoor, Eastern Michigan University. Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology; Karabenick, Stuart A., University of Michigan. Combined Program in Education and Psychology; Thornton, Arland, University of Michigan. Department of Sociology. Population Studies Center
The purpose of the current study was to explore and understand the values, the general opinions, and the sociopolitical and cultural attitudes of youths in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The researchers conducted face-to-face interviews of youths in six selected cities, three in Egypt and three in Saudi Arabia. The researchers explained to the youths what they were studying and followed by asking them a variety of different social issue questions dealing with religion, marriage, political systems, employment, freedom, and economic development. They also gathered demographic data such as age, education, race, religion, and socio-economic status from those interviewed. The dataset contains a total of 224 variables pertaining to the general opinion of youths in regards to a variety of social issues. Also included are demographic variables.
To protect respondent privacy, certain identifying information is restricted from general dissemination. Specifically, some geographic variables and variables that facilitate the indirect identification of individuals are restricted from general dissemination. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement form and specify the reasons for the request. A copy of the Restricted Data Use Agreement form can be requested by calling 800-999-0960. Researchers can also download this form as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file from the download page associated with this data collection. Completed forms should be returned to: Director, National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Institute for Social Research, P.O. Box 1248, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248, or by fax: 734-647-8200.
Moaddel, Mansoor, Stuart A. Karabenick, and Arland Thornton. Youth, Emotional Energy, and Political Violence: The Cases of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Survey, 2005. ICPSR23461-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-12. doi:10.3886/ICPSR23461.v1
Persistent URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR23461.v1
This survey was funded by:
- United States Institute of Peace
- Eastern Michigan University
- Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: beliefs, career choice, cultural attitudes, democracy, developing nations, economic development, education, employment, family life, freedom, government, Islam, marriage, morality, Muslims, political systems, political violence, religion, religious attitudes, religious beliefs, social attitudes, social status, women in development, womens rights, youths
Smallest Geographic Unit: city
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: All youths ages 18 to 25 between January 5, 2005, and July 25, 2005, in six cities in either Egypt (Alexandria, El-Minya, Cairo) or Saudia Arabia (Jeddah, Riyadh, Dammam/Khobar).
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The data are restricted to views of youths in Egypt and Saudi Arabia, in the specific cities studied. This research cannot be generalized to other places in Egypt and Saudi Arabia, or to other underdeveloped, Middle Eastern countries. Specific incidents or views could affect the views of youths in these specific cities that are not prevalent elsewhere.
ICPSR recoded blanks in numeric variables to -9.
Study Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore and understand the values, the general opinions, and the sociopolitical and cultural attitudes of youths in underdeveloped, Middle Eastern countries, specifically Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The study focused on four general areas of values. First, the study examined the sources of epistemic authorities that the youths rely on in forming opinions about various social and cultural issues and deciding their career. Second, the researchers sought to explore the extent to which the youth were aware of developmental ideas. Third, the research aimed to examine the youths' orientations toward such issues as the relationship between religion and politics, form of government, Western culture, and social status of women. Finally, the study focused on the youths' religiosity and attitudes toward religion.
Study Design: The researchers conducted face-to-face interviews of youths in six selected cities, three in Egypt and three in Saudi Arabia. The researchers explained to the youths what they were studying and followed by asking them a variety of different social issue questions dealing with religion, marriage, political systems, employment, freedom, and development. They also gathered demographic data from those interviewed, such as age, race, religion, and socio-economic status.
Sample: The Egyptian survey was based on a representative sample of 928 youths. A total of 289 youths (32 percent) were from Cairo, 291 (32 percent) were from Alexandria, and 325 (36 percent) were from El-Minya. The region where the interview was conducted was missing for 23 respondents (1 percent). The Saudi Arabian survey used a representative sample of 954 youths. A total of 473 youths (50 percent) were from Jeddah, 321 (34 percent) were from Riyadh, and 160 (17 percent) were from Dammam/Khobar.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview
Description of Variables: The dataset contains a total of 224 variables pertaining to the general opinion of youths in regards to a variety of social issues. Also included are demographic variables, such as age, education, race, religion, and socio-economic status. The major variables that the researchers examined were the country of origin (Egypt or Saudi Arabia), and responses to questions regarding the level of development, the level of individual freedom, political leadership characteristics, income characteristics, political system characteristics, characteristics of foreign threat, religion and religious issues, economic development, morality scaling, and family change characteristics. Other variables concern family life around the world, attitudes toward women, government, the democratic political system, regional and international problems, and variables about Islam and non-Islamic religions, and Muslims versus non-Muslims. Additionally, variables measure the extent that the respondent relies on, (that is, believes and trusts), parents, teachers of religion at school or university, other (secular) teachers, friends, religious leaders, media, and satellite TV and the internet about the following subjects: the role of women in society and politics, politics and forms of government, education and career choice, evolution (the explanation of how plants and animals have evolved), Western societies and foreign culture, and the role of religion and politics in society.
Response Rates: Not available.
Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2010-08-12
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