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Three-Wave Political Socialization Panel Survey of Children in the San Francisco East Bay Area, 1968-1969 (ICPSR 2341)

Principal Investigator(s): Rosenau, Pauline Vaillancourt


This study investigated a number of substantive and methodological questions concerning the political socialization of children. Specifically, the study explored children's images of the American president, political participation, political knowledge, the generalization of nonpolitical experience to political participation and political efficacy, orientations toward political strategies, political system satisfaction, perceived governmental responsiveness, youth politics, party identification, and perceptions of political parties. Due to the timing of the survey -- the first wave was conducted in December 1968, the second in January 1969, and the third in May-June 1969, a period covering the transition from one president to another of a different political party affiliation -- children's changing attitudes toward presidential figures were measured. Also, children's developing images of a newly-elected president over a six-month period were studied. In addition, the data collection provides teachers' responses to questions concerning the political content of the curriculum as well as their views about the appropriateness of discussing such matters in the classroom. The methodological features of this collection allow comparisons of closed- (Parts 1, 3, and 5) and open-ended (Parts 2, 4, and 6) question forms and the study of the cross-time stability of children's political party choices and other opinions, as well as comparisons with political socialization studies in France and the United States, from which exact question wordings were replicated. Parts 7-8 (Waves 1-3, Closed-Form and Open-Form Data, respectively) contain the responses of individuals who participated in all three waves of the survey. A range of background variables were measured, including age, sex, race, intelligence-ability, religion, father's occupation, education, and social interests.

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Wave 1, Closed-Form Data - Download All Files (5.721 MB)
DS2:  Wave 1, Open-Form Data - Download All Files (5.656 MB)
DS3:  Wave 2, Closed-Form Data - Download All Files (5.655 MB)
DS4:  Wave 2, Open-Form Data - Download All Files (5.619 MB)
DS5:  Wave 3, Closed-Form Data - Download All Files (5.732 MB)
DS6:  Wave 3, Open-Form Data - Download All Files (5.78 MB)
DS7:  Waves 1-3, Closed-Form Data - Download All Files (5.787 MB)
DS8:  Waves 1-3, Open-Form Data - Download All Files (5.833 MB)

Study Description


Rosenau, Pauline Vaillancourt. Three-Wave Political Socialization Panel Survey of Children in the San Francisco East Bay Area, 1968-1969. ICPSR02341-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02341.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02341.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • University of California-Berkeley. Department of Political Science

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    children, government performance, political affiliation, political efficacy, political knowledge, political participation, political parties, political socialization, presidency, presidential performance

Geographic Coverage:    California, San Francisco, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1968--1969

Universe:    Children attending 4th, 6th, and 8th grades in public and Catholic schools in the San Francisco Bay area in 1968-1969.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The sample comprises 4th-, 6th-, and 8th-grade students attending two public schools in Berkeley, California, and three public schools and two Catholic schools in Oakland, California.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires


Original ICPSR Release:   2000-06-23

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB2341.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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